Soliloquies – Gonzalo X Ruiz

Gonzalo Ruiz explains: three works on this disc were composed for cello and the fourth for flute. The baroque oboe is not an instrument normally heard in an unaccompanied setting. I don’t believe Bach ever envisioned that these particular pieces would be performed on oboe, although I like to think that he would approve. The truth is that I play them simply because I love them and have lived with them for many years.

When I first heard Bach’s unaccompanied suites I practically had a crisis, fearing that I had picked the wrong instrument. My love for the oboe was shaken by the realization that there was nothing in its repertoire like these complete masterpieces for a single player, and suddenly my warmup routines seemed intolerably dry and boring next to those of cellists who started their day with a bracing round of Bach. It was years before I dared tackle an arrangement of one of them and then it was for strictly personal reasons. The suite became my main etude, my biggest challenge, and a constant companion that traveled everywhere in my instrument case. As the number of these arrangements grew, so did my abilities on the instrument. I found that working on them was the best way to prepare for the next concert, whatever repertoire it contained. I never thought I’d perform or record them, but over time I ceased to think of them as “music written for other instruments” and began to feel them simply as “music I enjoy playing”.
[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Prelude (JS Bach) (2:41)
[hifi lofi] 02-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Allemande (JS Bach) (2:51)
[hifi lofi] 03-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Courante (JS Bach) (1:43)
[hifi lofi] 04-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Sarabande (JS Bach) (3:15)
[hifi lofi] 05-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Menuets (JS Bach) (2:35)
[hifi lofi] 06-Suite in A minor after BWV 1008 – Gigue (JS Bach) (2:12)
[hifi lofi] 07-Suite in G minor after BWV 1013 – Allemande (JS Bach) (5:06)
[hifi lofi] 08-Suite in G minor after BWV 1013 – Courante (JS Bach) (3:23)
[hifi lofi] 09-Suite in G minor after BWV 1013 – Sarabande (JS Bach) (4:23)
[hifi lofi] 10-Suite in G minor after BWV 1013 – Gigue (JS Bach) (2:43)
[hifi lofi] 11-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Prelude (JS Bach) (2:39)
[hifi lofi] 12-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Allemande (JS Bach) (3:12)
[hifi lofi] 13-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Courante (JS Bach) (2:36)
[hifi lofi] 14-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Sarabande (JS Bach) (1:58)
[hifi lofi] 15-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Menuets (JS Bach) (2:40)
[hifi lofi] 16-Suite in F major after BWV 1007 – Gigue (JS Bach) (1:19)
[hifi lofi] 17-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Prelude (JS Bach) (4:43)
[hifi lofi] 18-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Allemande (JS Bach) (4:18)
[hifi lofi] 19-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Courante (JS Bach) (1:37)
[hifi lofi] 20-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Sarabande (JS Bach) (2:03)
[hifi lofi] 21-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Gavottes (JS Bach) (4:43)
[hifi lofi] 22-Suite in A minor after BWV 1011 – Gigue (JS Bach) (1:40)

da: http://www.magnatune.com

Robert Schumann – Romanze – Trascrizioni per oboe – Gonzalo X Ruiz

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Drei Romanzen Op. 94 (Nicht schnell) (3:23)
[hifi lofi] 02-Drei Romanzen Op. 94 (Einfach innig) (3:45)
[hifi lofi] 03-Drei Romanzen Op. 94 (Nicht schnell) (4:22)
[hifi lofi] 04-Fuenf Stuecke im Volkston Op. 102 (Mit Humor) (2:55)
[hifi lofi] 05-Fuenf Stuecke im Volkston Op. 102 (Langsam) (3:12)
[hifi lofi] 06-Fuenf Stuecke im Volkston Op. 102 (Nicht schnell mit viel Ton zu spielen) (4:10)
[hifi lofi] 07-Fuenf Stuecke im Volkston Op. 102 (Nicht zu rasch) (2:02)
[hifi lofi] 08-Fuenf Stuecke im Volkston Op. 102 (Stark und markiert) (2:58)
[hifi lofi] 09-Adagio und Allegro Op. 70 (Adagio) (3:34)
[hifi lofi] 10-Adagio und Allegro Op. 70 (Allegro) (4:38)
[hifi lofi] 11-Humoreske Op. 20 (Einfach) (5:58)
[hifi lofi] 12-Humoreske Op. 20 (Sehre rasch und leicht) (4:12)
[hifi lofi] 13-Humoreske Op. 20 (Noch rascher) (4:33)
[hifi lofi] 14-Humoreske Op. 20 (Erstes Tempo) (6:44)
[hifi lofi] 15-Humoreske Op. 20 (Wie am Anfang) (5:37)

Gonzalo Xavier Ruiz has appeared both as principal oboist and concerto soloist with most of the leading period instrument groups in America and has performed widely in the U.S. and Europe under conductors such as Christopher Hogwood, Nicholas McGegan, Jordi Savall, Gustav Leonhardt, Reinhard Goebbel and Mark Minkowski. His playing is featured on numerous recordings of solo, chamber, and orchestral repertoire. Equally accomplished on the modern instrument, he has performed as principal oboist of the Buenos Aires Philharmonic, New Century Chamber Orchestra and the Pacific Chamber Symphony among others. Mr. Ruiz was a prizewinner at the Brugges Early Music Competition in Belgium and for many years has been professor of oboe at the Oberlin Conservatory’s Baroque Performance Institute. He has also taught at the Longy School in Cambridge and given master classes at Indiana University. An active chamber musician, he has made numerous reconstructions and arrangements, notably from the works of Bach and Rameau. Twice he’s been a featured recitalist at the annual convention of the International Double Reed Society. Mr. Ruiz is an acknowledged expert in historical reedmaking techniques, and over two dozen of his pieces are on permanent display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. With his ensemble American Baroque Mr. Ruiz is also active in the field of contemporary music and was awarded the 2000 ASCAP Award for Adventurous Programming. Ruiz also performs with American Baroque.
da: http://www.magnatune.com

Johann Sebastian Bach – Trascrizioni per oboe – Gonzalo X Ruiz

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Sonata in C major for oboe and basso continuo after BWV 1035 (adagio ma non tanto) (2:05)
[hifi lofi] 02-Sonata in C major for oboe and basso continuo after BWV 1035 (allegro) (3:16)
[hifi lofi] 03-Sonata in C major for oboe and basso continuo after BWV 1035 (siciliano) (3:24)
[hifi lofi] 04-Sonata in C major for oboe and basso continuo after BWV 1035 (allegro assai) (3:20)
[hifi lofi] 05-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (prelude) (2:39)
[hifi lofi] 06-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (allemande) (3:12)
[hifi lofi] 07-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (courante) (2:36)
[hifi lofi] 08-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (sarabande) (1:58)
[hifi lofi] 09-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (menuets) (2:40)
[hifi lofi] 10-Suite in F major for unaccompanied oboe after BWV 1007 (gigue) (1:15)
[hifi lofi] 11-Prelude Fugue and Allegro in Eb major for harpsichord BWV 998 (prelude) (2:37)
[hifi lofi] 12-Prelude Fugue and Allegro in Eb major for harpsichord BWV 998 (fugue) (5:13)
[hifi lofi] 13-Prelude Fugue and Allegro in Eb major for harpsichord BWV 998 (allegro) (3:28)
[hifi lofi] 14-Sonata in G minor for oboe and harpsichord after BWV 1029 (allegro) (5:33)
[hifi lofi] 15-Sonata in G minor for oboe and harpsichord after BWV 1029 (adagio) (4:44)
[hifi lofi] 16-Sonata in G minor for oboe and harpsichord after BWV 1029 (allegro) (4:04)
[hifi lofi] 17-Sonata in D major for oboe d’amore and harpsichord after BWV 1028 (adagio) (1:39)
[hifi lofi] 18-Sonata in D major for oboe d’amore and harpsichord after BWV 1028 (allegro) (3:52)
[hifi lofi] 19-Sonata in D major for oboe d’amore and harpsichord after BWV 1028 (andante) (3:53)
[hifi lofi] 20-Sonata in D major for oboe d’amore and harpsichord after BWV 1028 (allegro) (4:24)

http://www.magnatune.com

Imported from Italy – Gonzalo X Ruiz

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continuo in G major: Andante (Sammartini) (3:08)
[hifi lofi] 02-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continuo in G major: Allegro (Sammartini) (2:45)
[hifi lofi] 03-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continuo in G major: Adagio (Sammartini) (0:47)
[hifi lofi] 04-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continuo in G major: Minuet (Sammartini) (1:39)
[hifi lofi] 05-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continua in G minor: Adagio – RV 28 (Vivaldi) (3:02)
[hifi lofi] 06-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continua in G minor: Allegro – RV 28 (Vivaldi) (1:58)
[hifi lofi] 07-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continua in G minor: Largo – RV 28 (Vivaldi) (1:58)
[hifi lofi] 08-Sonata for Oboe and Bassoc Continua in G minor: Allegro – RV 28 (Vivaldi) (2:01)
[hifi lofi] 09-Sonata for Violoncello and Basso Continuo in Bb: Largo – RV 43 (Vivaldi) (3:37)
[hifi lofi] 10-Sonata for Violoncello and Basso Continuo in Bb: Allegro – RV 43 (Vivaldi) (2:25)
[hifi lofi] 11-Sonata for Violoncello and Basso Continuo in Bb: Largo – RV 43 (Vivaldi) (3:36)
[hifi lofi] 12-Sonata for Violoncello and Basso Continuo in Bb: Allegro – RV 43 (Vivaldi) (2:08)
[hifi lofi] 13-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in F major: Allegro (Besozzi) (3:02)
[hifi lofi] 14-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in F major: Adagio (Besozzi) (2:08)
[hifi lofi] 15-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in F major: Allegro (Besozzi) (2:47)
[hifi lofi] 16-Two Sonatas in F minor for solo Harpsichord: Andante – K 238 (Scarlatti) (3:00)
[hifi lofi] 17-Two Sonatas in F minor for solo Harpsichord: Allegro – K 239 (Scarlatti) (2:41)
[hifi lofi] 18-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in C minor: Adagio assai (Platti) (1:37)
[hifi lofi] 19-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in C minor: Allegro assai (Platti) (2:16)
[hifi lofi] 20-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in C minor: Non tanto adagio (Platti) (2:01)
[hifi lofi] 21-Sonata for Oboe and Basso Continuo in C minor: Giga presto (Platti) (1:42)

http://www.magnatune.com

Lenten is come – Briddes Roune

Briddes Roune Ensemble - Archivio Magnatune

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Lenten is come (3:43)
[hifi lofi] 02-Brid one breer (2:18)
[hifi lofi] 03-A wayle whyt (2:16)
[hifi lofi] 04-The milde lomb (6:06)
[hifi lofi] 05-Edi be thu (2:36)
[hifi lofi] 06-Ar ne kuth ich sorghe non (4:05)
[hifi lofi] 07-Man mai longe lives weene (5:15)
[hifi lofi] 08-Nou goth sonne under wod (1:14)
[hifi lofi] 09-Lutel wot hit any mon (2:28)
[hifi lofi] 10-Angelus ad virginem (1:52)
[hifi lofi] 11-Stond wel moder under roode (6:35)
[hifi lofi] 12-Worldes blis (4:37)
[hifi lofi] 13-Crist and Sainte Marie (1:41)
[hifi lofi] 14-Sante Marie viergene (0:57)
[hifi lofi] 15-Sainte Nicholas (1:17)
[hifi lofi] 16-Brid by a strem (2:15)
[hifi lofi] 17-When the nichtegale singes (4:57)

 




Lenten is come by Briddes Roune

A Celtic Celebration – Da Camera

Ensemble "Da Camera" - Archivio Magnatune

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Carolan’s Concerto (Carolan Five Tunes by the Irish Harper) (1:25)
[hifi lofi] 02-The Fairy Queen (Carolan Five Tunes by the Irish Harper) (2:30)
[hifi lofi] 03-Carolan’s Maggot (Carolan Five Tunes by the Irish Harper) (1:00)
[hifi lofi] 04-Carolan’s Farewell to Music (Carolan Five Tunes by the Irish Harper) (1:38)
[hifi lofi] 05-Carolan’s Draught (Carolan Five Tunes by the Irish Harper) (1:26)
[hifi lofi] 06-Three Airs from The Dancing Master (Playford) (5:33)
[hifi lofi] 07-The Irish Ho-Hoane (Anon Fitzwilliam Virginals Book) (1:07)
[hifi lofi] 08-The Irish Ground (Tollett) (3:50)
[hifi lofi] 09-Aria: Spring the Ranunculus’ from Airs for the Seasons (Oswald) (2:00)
[hifi lofi] 10-Andante Minuet: Spring the Ranunculus’ from Airs for the Seasons (Oswald) (2:15)
[hifi lofi] 11-Air: Summer – The Poppy from Airs for the Seasons (Osward) (2:55)
[hifi lofi] 12-Gavotta: Summer – The Poppy from Airs for the Seasons (Osward) (1:13)
[hifi lofi] 13-Mortlack’s Ground (Blow) (3:05)
[hifi lofi] 14-When She Cam Ben (Carolan) (4:02)
[hifi lofi] 15-Scortese: Autumn – The Marvel of Peru from Airs for the Seasons (1:41)
[hifi lofi] 16-Comic Musette: Autumn – The Marvel of Peru from Airs for the Seasons (2:17)
[hifi lofi] 17-Affettuossimo: Winter – The Snow-Drop from Airs for the Seasons (4:34)
[hifi lofi] 18-Gavotta: Winter – The Snow-Drop from Airs for the Seasons (0:47)
[hifi lofi] 19-Scotch Tune by Mr. Solomon Eckles (Eccles) (3:28)
[hifi lofi] 20-John Come Kiss – A Division Upon a Ground (Eccles) (3:11)
[hifi lofi] 21-The Irish Marche (Byrd) (1:51)
[hifi lofi] 22-Cock Up Your Beaver (Carolan) (2:43)
[hifi lofi] 23-Bellamira – Division Upon a Ground (Eccles) (2:11)
[hifi lofi] 24-Medley of Irish Folk Music (traditional) (5:11)

 




A Celtic Celebration by Da Camera

Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: cache/generated/25734/pg25734.epub

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-h/25734-h.htm

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: cache/generated/25734/pg25734.mobi

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-0.txt
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-8.txt

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-h.zip

EText-No. 25734
Title: Correspondance de Voltaire avec le roi de Prusse
Author: Frederick II, King of Prussia, 1712-1786;Voltaire, 1694-1778
Language: French
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-0.zip
Link: 2/5/7/3/25734/25734-8.zip

Simone Molinaro – Paul Beier

Paul Beier - Archivio Magnatune

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Fantasia nona (2:57)
[hifi lofi] 02-Ung gaij bergier – Canzone Francese a quattro di Thomas Crequillon (4:38)
[hifi lofi] 03-Ballo detto il Conte Orlando (1:27)
[hifi lofi] 04-Saltarello del predetto ballo (1:01)
[hifi lofi] 05-Fantasia quinta (4:15)
[hifi lofi] 06-Fantasia ottava (2:53)
[hifi lofi] 07-Pass’e mezo in quattro modi (5:10)
[hifi lofi] 08-Gagliarda in tre modi (1:28)
[hifi lofi] 09-Fantasia sesta (2:45)
[hifi lofi] 10-Fantasia seconda (3:29)
[hifi lofi] 11-Rossingnolet – Canzone Francese a quattro di Thomas Crequillon (5:49)
[hifi lofi] 12-Saltarello quinto (2:42)
[hifi lofi] 13-Fantasia decima (3:49)
[hifi lofi] 14-Frais – gaillard – Canzone Francese a quattro di Clemens non papa (4:56)
[hifi lofi] 15-Saltarello settimo (1:01)
[hifi lofi] 16-Saltarello primo (1:42)
[hifi lofi] 17-Fantasia terza (2:19)
[hifi lofi] 18-Fantasia decima quarta (5:19)

 




Simone Molinaro by Paul Beier

I cavalieri del liuto – The Knights of the Lute – Paul Beier

Originally it was thought that there was one “Knight of the Lute”, Laurencinus Romanus, Il Cavaliere del Liuto, Eques Romanus. After new discoveries and an up-to-date biography ofThe Knights of the Lute” by Mariagrazia Carlone, published in the Journal of the American Lute Society, we now know that there were two. Lorenzino Tracetti, servant of Cardinal Ippolito II d’Este until 1572, and the pious Vincenzo Pinti, resident at the palace of the Vatican Vice-chancellor under Cardinals Alessandro Farnese and Montalto (Alessandro Peretti), until his death in 1608.

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Fantasia Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:17)
[hifi lofi] 02-Romanesca Di Lorenzino (L Romanus) (2:03)
[hifi lofi] 03-Praeludium Laurencini (L Romanus) (2:18)
[hifi lofi] 04-Susanne Un Jour Transposito Laurencini (L Romanus) (5:38)
[hifi lofi] 05-Pass’e Mexo Laurencini In G Sol Re Ut (L Romanus) (2:34)
[hifi lofi] 06-Praeambulum Laurencinj (L Romanus) (2:27)
[hifi lofi] 07-Fantasia Equitis Romani (L Romanus) (3:13)
[hifi lofi] 08-Galliarda Equitis Romani (L Romanus) (2:24)
[hifi lofi] 09-Praeludium Laurencini (L Romanus) (2:01)
[hifi lofi] 10-Fantasia Laurencini (L Romanus) (3:08)
[hifi lofi] 11-Anchor Che Col Partire (L Romanus) (4:07)
[hifi lofi] 12-Galliarda Eiusdem (L Romanus) (1:41)
[hifi lofi] 13-Fantasia Di Lorenzino (L Romanus) (4:10)
[hifi lofi] 14-Galliarda Eiusdem (L Romanus) (3:22)
[hifi lofi] 15-Praeludium Laurencini (L Romanus) (2:05)
[hifi lofi] 16-Galliarda Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:58)
[hifi lofi] 17-Branle De Laurencin (L Romanus) (2:18)
[hifi lofi] 18-Tiento Over Tochata (L Romanus) (1:29)
[hifi lofi] 19-Praeludium Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:03)
[hifi lofi] 20-Vestiva I Colli Transposito Laurencini (L Romanus) (5:03)
[hifi lofi] 21-Gagliarda Del Cavagliere (L Romanus) (2:18)
[hifi lofi] 22-Tochata Dal Lorenzino (L Romanus) (1:31)
[hifi lofi] 23-Cosi Le Chiome Transposito Laurencini (L Romanus) (4:46)
[hifi lofi] 24-Praeludium Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:28)
[hifi lofi] 25-Fantasia Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:51)
[hifi lofi] 26-Galliarda Laurencini (L Romanus) (2:09)
[hifi lofi] 27-Praeambulum Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:55)
[hifi lofi] 28-Fantasia Laurencini (L Romanus) (1:29)
[hifi lofi] 29-Galliarda Bella Laurencini (L Romanus) (2:49)
[hifi lofi] 30-Courante 12 Laurentzini (L Romanus) (2:02)

 




I Cavalieri del Liuto – The Knights of the Lute by Paul Beier

Alessandro Piccinini – Paul Beier

[hifi lofi] Play all tracks as an m3u audio stream (or xspf, ogg, mp3 file)
[hifi lofi] 01-Toccata XX (2:21)
[hifi lofi] 02-Toccata XII cromatica (3:38)
[hifi lofi] 03-Canzone III in’aria di Corrente (2:49)
[hifi lofi] 04-Gagliarda IX (2:25)
[hifi lofi] 05-Canzone II (3:27)
[hifi lofi] 06-Corrente III con la sua replica (1:52)
[hifi lofi] 07-Toccata XVII (3:24)
[hifi lofi] 08-Toccata XVIII (1:46)
[hifi lofi] 09-Corrente X (1:49)
[hifi lofi] 10-Aria IV (2:21)
[hifi lofi] 11-Corrente XII sopra un’aria francese detta l’Alemanna (2:41)
[hifi lofi] 12-Toccata II (3:55)
[hifi lofi] 13-Canzona I (7:26)
[hifi lofi] 14-Gagliarda V (1:52)
[hifi lofi] 15-Aria I affettuosa (3:09)
[hifi lofi] 16-Gagliarda X capricciosa (1:43)
[hifi lofi] 17-Ricercar primo musicale (3:39)
[hifi lofi] 18-Aria II di Sarauanda in parte variate (4:04)
[hifi lofi] 19-Toccata XXIII (2:39)
[hifi lofi] 20-Corrente VIII (2:32)
[hifi lofi] 21-Corrente II (2:59)
[hifi lofi] 22-Toccata VII (1:40)
[hifi lofi] 23-Ricercar secondo musicale (6:33)

 




Alessandro Piccinini by Paul Beier

Rainforest Pharmacopeia in Madagascar Provides High Value for Current Local and Prospective Global Uses

by Christopher D. Golden, B. J. Rodolph Rasolofoniaina, E. J. Gasta Anjaranirina, Lilien Nicolas, Laurent Ravaoliny, Claire Kremen

Botanical diversity provides value to humans through carbon sequestration, air and water purification, and the provisioning of wild foods and ethnomedicines. Here we calculate the value of botanical ethnomedicines in a rainforest region of Madagascar, the Makira Protected Area, using a substitution method that combines replacement costs and choice modeling. The Makira watershed may comprise approximately 0.8% of global botanical diversity and possesses enormous value both in its ability to provision botanical ethnomedicines to local people and as a source of potentially novel pharmaceutical drugs for society as a whole. Approximately 241 locally-recognized species are used as ethnomedicines, including 113 agricultural or weed species. We equated each ethnomedicinal treatment to the monetary value of a comparable pharmaceutical treatment adjusted by personal preferences in perceived efficacy (rather than from known or assumed medicinal equivalency). The benefit value of these botanical ethnomedicines per individual is $5.40–7.90 per year when using the value of highly subsidized Malagasy pharmaceuticals and $100.60–287.40 when using the value of American pharmaceuticals. Using local pharmaceuticals as substitutes, the value per household is $30.24–44.30 per year, equivalent to 43–63% of median annual household income, demonstrating their local importance. Using the value of American pharmaceuticals, the amount is equivalent to 22–63% of the median annual health care expenditures for American adults under 45 in 2006. The potential for developing novel biomedicines from the Makira watershed’s unique flora ranges in untapped benefit value from $0.3–5.7 billion for American pharmaceutical companies, non-inclusive of the importance of providing novel medicines and improved healthcare to society. This study provides evidence of the tremendous current local and prospective global value of botanical ethnomedicines and furthers arguments for the conservation of tropical forests for sustainable use.
Botanique de la diversité apporte de la valeur à l’homme par la séquestration du carbone, de l’air et de purification de l’eau, et le provisionnement des aliments sauvages et ethnomedicines. Ici, nous calculons la valeur de ethnomedicines botaniques dans une région de forêt de Madagascar, la zone protégée de Makira, en utilisant une méthode de substitution qui combine les coûts de remplacement et la modélisation des choix. Le bassin versant de Makira peut comprendre environ 0,8% de la diversité botanique mondiale et possède une valeur énorme à la fois dans sa capacité à fournir ethnomedicines botaniques à la population locale et en tant que source de nouveaux médicaments potentiellement pharmaceutiques pour la société dans son ensemble. Environ 241 espèces localement reconnus sont utilisés comme ethnomedicines, y compris 113 espèces d’agricoles ou de mauvaises herbes. Nous assimilé chaque traitement ethnomédicales à la valeur monétaire d’un traitement comparable pharmaceutique ajusté en fonction des préférences personnelles en matière d’efficacité perçue (plutôt que de l’équivalence médicament connu ou supposé). La valeur de l’avantage de ces ethnomedicines botaniques par individu est de $5,40 à 7.90 par année lors de l’utilisation de la valeur des produits pharmaceutiques malgaches fortement subventionnés et de $100,60 à 287,40 lors de l’utilisation de la valeur des produits pharmaceutiques américains. Utilisation de produits pharmaceutiques locales comme des substituts, la valeur par ménage est de $30.24 à 44.30 par an, équivalent à 43–63% du revenu médian des ménages annuelle, ce qui démontre leur importance locale. Utilisation de la valeur des produits pharmaceutiques américaines, le montant est équivalent à 22–63% de la médiane des dépenses annuelles de soins de santé pour les adultes américains de moins de 45 en 2006. Le potentiel de développement de nouveaux biomédicaments des fourneaux dans le bassin versant de la flore Makira unqiue de la valeur des avantages inexploité de $0,3 à 5,7 milliards pour les sociétés pharmaceutiques américaines, non compris l’importance de fournir de nouveaux médicaments et de soins de santé amélioré à la société. Cette étude fournit une preuve de l’énorme valeur actuelle globale locale et prospective de ethnomedicines botaniques et des arguments fait avancer pour la conservation des forêts tropicales pour l’utilisation durable.

Internet e il giornalismo online

Internet e il giornalismo online
Mentre l’Italia è ancora ai livelli più bassi in Europa per numero di cittadini online, la rete sta lentamente cambiando le modalità di informazione e il modo di lavorare dei giornalisti. Il potenziale da sfruttare però è ancora enorme, a partire dalle possibilità offerte da internet per controllare meglio sia la politica, sia l’informazione stessa.
Il video fa parte del progettoI media in Italia e le sfide del digitale”, realizzato da quattrogatti.info con il supporto della Open Society FoundationI contenuti sono parzialmente tratti dal report “Mapping Digital Media – Italydi Mazzoleni, Vigevani e Splendore.

Riepilogo delle puntate:
> Anteprima: La riforma della RAI
   (VIDEO / PPT)
> 1. Le fonti di informazione e l’uso dei media
   (VIDEO / PPT)
> 2. Il duopolio televisivo e il digitale terrestre
   (VIDEO / PPT)
> 3. Internet e il giornalismo online
   (VIDEO / PPT)

Ringraziamo per i commenti ricevuti: Mark Thompson, Francesca Fanucci, Nicola Bruno e Cristian Vaccari.