AP English Literature and Composition

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Advanced Placement (AP) English Literature and Composition (also known as Senior AP English, AP Lit, APENG, or AP English IV) is a course and examination offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program in the United States. When AP exams were first implemented, English Language and English Literature were initially combined. They separated in 1980.

Course

Designated for motivated students with a command of standard English, an interest in exploring and analyzing challenging classical and contemporary literature, and a desire to analyze and interpret dominant literary genres and themes, it is often offered to high school seniors and the other AP English course, AP English Language and Composition, to juniors. The College Board does not restrict courses by grade. Students learn and apply methods of literary analysis and write with a variety of purposes to increase precision in expression. Students in AP English Literature and Composition typically sit for the national AP examination administered each May for the College Board by the Educational Testing Service. The College Board publishes changing information about all AP courses and examinations on its web site.

On one of the three essays students write as part of the examination, students choose a work of literature they will write about. Readers of the exam who get an essay on a work they have not read typically pass the essay to a reader who has. The scoring guides that readers use to rate the essays are developed by experienced readers on site just before the reading begins each June, using some of the actual exam essays. Since those scoring guides do not exist before the Reading, instructors cannot teach to them but focus instead on encouraging text-based analysis.

Literary works

The College Board publishes a recommended reading list, while emphasizing that it “does not mandate any particular authors or reading list.” The reading list contains four major categories:

All categories also incorporate works from traditionally under-represented writers, especially from racial minorities.

Grade distributions

In the 2012 administration, 380,608 students took the exam, with a mean score of 2.80.[1]

The grade distributions since 2008 were:

Score 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014[2] 2015 2016[3] 2017[4] 2018[5] 2019[6] 2020[7] 2021[8] 2022[9]
5 6.5% 7.4% 8.1% 8.4% 8.3% 7.6% 7.7% 7.6% 7.4% 6.8% 5.6% 6.2% 9.3% 5% 16.6%
4 19.9% 20.5% 19.1% 17.8% 18.0% 18.9% 17.8% 18.2% 17.7% 16.1% 14.6% 15.9% 17.3% 12% 27.2%
3 33.9% 30.8% 30.2% 31.0% 30.4% 31.6% 29.5% 30.5% 29.5% 29.9% 27.2% 28.0% 33.5% 27% 34.0%
2 30.6% 31.3% 32.6% 32.1% 32.3% 31.6% 33.0% 32.6% 33.4% 33.9% 36.1% 34.3% 27.8% 39% 14.3%
1 9.1% 10.1% 10.0% 10.7% 11.1% 10.3% 12.1% 11.1% 12% 13.3% 16.5% 15.6% 12.2% 17% 7.9%
% of Scores 3 or Higher 60.3% 58.7% 57.4% 57.2% 56.7% 58.1% 55.0% 56.3% 54.6% 52.8% 47.4% 50.1% 60.1% 44% 77.8%
Mean 2.84 2.84 2.83 2.81 2.80 2.82 2.76 2.79 2.75 2.69 2.57 2.63 2.84 2.47
Standard Deviation 1.05 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.09 1.11 1.10 1.11 1.10 1.10 1.11 1.13 1.08
Number of Students 320,358 332,352 353,781 367,962 380,608 385,576 397,477 401,076 405,446 404,137 404,014 380,136 333,980 297,009


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