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Static Wikipedia: Italiano -Inglese (ridotta) - Francese - Spagnolo - Tedesco - Portoghese
 
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Animation

From Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia written in simple English for easy reading.

An early animation
Enlarge
An early animation

Animation is a way of making a movie from still images. Each image becomes one frame of the movie. We view the result at a speed of sixteen to twenty-four images per second, and see an illusion of movement (because of persistence of vision).

There are three ways to animate:

  1. Draw each frame
  2. Use stop-motion: make a model scene and change it between frames
  3. Make computer graphics

Contents

[edit] Overview

Because it is expensive to make, animation mostly comes from professional companies. However, an independent movement in the field has existed since the 1950s in America, with many such people entering the professional industry. In Europe, the independent movement has existed since the 1910s, with pioneering animators like pre-revolutionary Russia's Ladislas Starevich and Germany's Lotte Reiniger.

Another style of the genre comes in the form of limited animation, used by popular companies such as UPA and Hanna-Barbera Productions since the 1950s. This method often cuts costs and speeds up the production process through "shortcuts". Surprisingly enough, it serves as the basis of the industry.

[edit] History

To find out about the history of the genre, refer to the upcoming "History of animation" page.

[edit] Famous names in the industry

  • John Lasseter
  • Winsor McCay
  • Norman McLaren
  • Hayao Miyazaki
  • Yuriy Norshteyn
  • Katsuhiro Otomo
  • Nick Park
  • Trey Parker
  • Bill Plympton
  • Matt Stone
  • Ivan Ivanov-Vano
  • Will Vinton
  • John Kricfalusi
  • Bob Clampett
  • Frank Thomas
  • Ricahrd Williams

[edit] Famous animation studios

[edit] United States

[edit] Canada

  • Atkinson Film-Arts
  • Cinar (now Cookie Jar Entertainment)
  • CinéGroupe
  • Nelvana

[edit] Europe

[edit] Asia

[edit] Japan

  • Bandai Visual
  • BONES
  • GAINAX
  • Gonzo
  • Madhouse Studios
  • Production I.G.
  • Studio Ghibli
  • Sunrise
  • Tatsunoko Productions
  • Toei

[edit] China

  • Beijing Xie Art (mainland)
  • Colorland (Hong Kong)
  • Wang Film Productions (Taiwan)

[edit] Philippines

  • Toon City

[edit] Australia

  • DisneyToon Studios
  • Liquid Animation

[edit] See also

[edit] External links