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Hindi

From Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia written in simple English for easy reading.

Hindi is the most commonly spoken language in India. It is the fifth most spoken language in the world with about 182 million native speakers in 1998. The script used in writing Hindi is Devanagari.

Hindi is widely understood in all of the north of India, and most other places in India. In 1997, a survey found that 66% of Indians can speak Hindi. The most common form of Hindi is known as Hindustani. It has borrowed many words from the Dravidian languages of India, and even some words from the Farsi, Arabic, Turkish, English, and Portuguese languages. Hindi is almost the same as Urdu, the most commonly spoken language in Pakistan. The main difference is that Urdu is written in the Arabic alphabet.

Some other dialects of Hindi are: Avadhi, Brij, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli, and Marwai.

Hindi developed directly from the ancient language of India, Sanskrit. It is known that Hindi started to develop in the 7th century as "Apabhramsha", but became pretty stable by the 10th century.

Some famous Hindi poets are Tulsidas and Kabir.

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