Web Analytics

Static Wikipedia: Italiano -Inglese (ridotta) - Francese - Spagnolo - Tedesco - Portoghese
 
Esperanto - Napoletano - Siciliano - Estone - Quality - New - Chinese Standard  - Simple English - Catalan - Gallego - Euskera
Wikipedia for Schools: English - French - Spanish - Portuguese
101 free audiobooks - Stampa Alternativa - The Open DVD - Open Bach Project  - Libretti d'opera - Audiobook PG

Web Analytics

Static Wikipedia: Italiano -Inglese (ridotta) - Francese - Spagnolo - Tedesco - Portoghese
 
Esperanto - Napoletano - Siciliano - Estone - Quality - New - Chinese Standard  - Simple English - Catalan - Gallego - Euskera
Wikipedia for Schools: English - French - Spanish - Portuguese
101 free audiobooks - Stampa Alternativa - The Open DVD - Open Bach Project  - Libretti d'opera - Audiobook PG

Military

From Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia written in simple English for easy reading.

The military is, in American English a dedicated defense force whose job is to protect a country. Most other speakers of English say "armed forces", as the word "military" originally (and still does in some contexts) concerns things relating to an army only (and not a navy or an air force).

Sometimes countries get people for their military by allowing people to join voluntarily (if they want to). Other countries have laws which says that some people have to be in the military, even if they do not want to be. This is called the draft or conscription. People in the military usually wear clothes that are the same. This is called a uniform. It is usually in the style of camouflage. People who have been in the military but aren’t any more are called “veterans?.


Contents

[edit] Types

  • Army - A military force that is based on people walking or in land vehicles.
  • Navy - A military force that uses ships and boats. People in a navy are called sailors unless they are officers.
  • Air force - A military force that uses mainly airplanes.
  • Marines - Military forces that serve on ships, but also to fight on land when needed. They work closely with a navy, but are not sailors.

Militaries may also have special groups for special situations.


[edit] Groups

People in the military are part of a group that is part of a larger group, or organization.

Here are some of the common types of groups used by Army forces:

  • Squad - Lead by a Sergeant, which has around 10 soldiers in the squad.
  • Platoon - Lead by a 2nd Lieutenant with a Sergeant First Class as a Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) Assistant, a Platoon is made up of 4 squads, a platoon would of around 40 soldiers.
  • Company - Lead by a Captain, has a First Sergeant as a NCO Assistant, it is made of 4 Platoons, so in general it has 160 soldiers.
  • Battalion - Lead by a Major, has a Sergeant Major as a NCO Assistant, it is made of 2 companys, normally has 320 soldiers.
  • regiment or brigade
  • division
  • corps (big)

[edit] Ranks

“Ranks? are different levels. A person with a higher rank can tell a person with a lower rank what to do. People with higher ranks usually also get paid more money. Ranks are usually broken down into 2 groups - Enlisted (E) and Officers (O). Enlisted people do the work, Officers make the orders. People in the military wear a symbol of their rank on their uniform. Enlisted people with a rank of E-4 and above are also called Non-commissioned Officers (NCOs). It is usually their job to make sure that common jobs are done properly every day.

Here are some common ranks for the army (and sometimes the air force). They often go in this order, from the lowest to the highest:

  • Enlisted Ranks
    • Private
    • Private First Class (one that has been a private for some time)
    • Corporal
    • Sergeant
    • Sergeant First Class
    • Staff Sergeant
    • Master sergeant or First Sergeant
    • Sergeant Major
  • Officer Ranks
    • Warrant Officer
    • Second Lieutenant
    • First Lieutenant
    • Captain
    • Major
    • Lieutenant Colonel
    • Colonel
    • Brigadier General or Brigadier
    • Major General
    • Lieutenant General
    • General

The navy has different ranks, listed here for the US Navy from the lowest to the highest:

  • Enlisted Ranks
    • Seaman, Airman, Fireman (E-1 - E-3)
    • Petty Officer (E-4 - E-6)
    • Chief Petty Officer (E-7)
    • Senior Cheif Petty Officer (E-8)
    • Master Chief Petty Officer (E-9)
  • Officer Ranks
    • Cheif Warrant Officer (CWO1 - CWO4)
    • Ensign (O-1)
    • Lieutenant (junior grade) (O-2)
    • Lieutenant (O-3)
    • lieutenant Commander (O-4)
    • Commander (O-5)
    • Captain (O-6)
    • Rear Admiral (lower half) or Commodore (O-7)
    • Rear Admiral (upper half) (O-8)
    • Vice Admiral (O-9)
    • Admiral (O-10)
    • Fleet Admiral (O-10) - Only used at times of War

[edit] Training

New people in the military are often called “recruits?. Their training is sometimes called “boot camp?.

During this training, they usually have very little free time. They do a lot of exercise. Some things they learn about are weapons, first aid, and their uniforms. They also learn how to march. This is a special way to walk together. Sometimes soldiers march in a parade. This is sometimes called “drill.? By the time soldiers finish "boot camp", they should know enough to be a helpful person in their group.