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Static Wikipedia: Italiano -Inglese (ridotta) - Francese - Spagnolo - Tedesco - Portoghese
 
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Politics

From Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia written in simple English for easy reading.

Politics is about making agreements between people so that they can live together in groups such as tribes, cities, or countries. In large groups, such as countries, some people may spend a lot of their time making such agreements. These people are called politicians. Politicians, and sometimes other people, may get together to form a government. The government tries to lead the whole group. The government may do things such as:

  • Decide who gets what pieces of land
  • Decide which people can tell other people what to do
  • Decide whether to go to war
  • Create money
  • Build things for the use of the whole group, such as roads, water works, etc.
  • Educate people, either for their own good, or to teach them what the government wants them to know
  • Take care of the very young, the sick, or the very old

One of the ways the government leads the group is by making laws which tell everybody what they can and can not do. "You must not steal" is an example of a law.

The government can also control people in other ways besides making laws.

  • For example, how the government spends its money makes a big difference in what people will do.
  • Also, if people like their government, or think that their government is wise, they may do something just because their government says it is a good thing to do.

There are also disagreements between different countries. If these are very serious, they can lead to war. Attempts to solve the problem are then called diplomacy. This is just politics between nations instead of politics within nations.

Politics is often compared to ethics (ideas about right and wrong). Ethics is a more abstract study of right and wrong. Ethics is usually more concerned with principle than law or politics or diplomacy, so many people think ethics is not practical. But without some agreement on ethics, there is probably no way to even have a public debate, a legal system or an election. There is always some agreement on ethics and personal conduct in a political system.

In most countries, people have formed political parties to put forward their ideas. There is usually some disagreement between people within a party, but they work together because they feel that they agree on enough things, and they will have more power if they join together. They agree to take the same position on many issues, and agree to support the same changes to law and the same leaders. An election is usually a competition between different parties.

Bernard Crick wrote an important list of the political virtues, which were about best practices of politics itself.

Niccolo Machiavelli wrote that politics was firstly about having and keeping power. He said that without power, a leader could do nothing.