The R2TP complex regulates paramyxovirus RNA synthesis

by Hiroshi Katoh, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Yuichiro Nakatsu, Reiko Nakagawa, Naganori Nao, Masafumi Sakata, Fumihiro Kato, Makoto Kuroda, Minoru Kidokoro, Makoto Takeda

The regulation of paramyxovirus RNA synthesis by host proteins is poorly understood. Here, we identified a novel regulation mechanism of paramyxovirus RNA synthesis by the Hsp90 co-chaperone R2TP complex. We showed that the R2TP complex interacted with the paramyxovirus polymerase L protein and that silencing of the R2TP complex led to uncontrolled upregulation of mumps virus (MuV) gene transcription but not genome replication. Regulation by the R2TP complex was critical for MuV replication and evasion of host innate immune responses. The R2TP complex also regulated measles virus (MeV) RNA synthesis, but its function was inhibitory and not beneficial to MeV, as MeV evaded host innate immune responses in the absence of the R2TP complex. The identification of the R2TP complex as a critical host factor sheds new light on the regulation of paramyxovirus RNA synthesis.

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