Alan Bradley (writer)

For other people named Alan Bradley, see Alan Bradley (disambiguation).

Alan Bradley
Born 1938 (age 75–76)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Occupation Writer
Nationality Canadian
Period 1994–present
Genre Mystery
Notable works Flavia de Luce mystery series (including The Sweetness at the Bottom of the Pie)

Alan Bradley (born 1938) is a Canadian mystery writer known for his Flavia de Luce series, which began with the acclaimed The Sweetness at the Bottom of the Pie.

ine" id="Early_life_and_engineering_career">Early life and engineering career

Bradley was born in 1938 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Alongside his two older sisters, Bradley was raised roughly 100 kilometres east of Toronto in the small town of Cobourg, Ontario. His mother brought up the children alone after Bradley’s father left the family when Bradley was a toddler.[1] Bradley learned to read at an early age, partly because he was a sickly child who spent a lot of time in bed.[2] However, Bradley confesses to having been a “very bad student”,[1] particularly in high school,[2] spending his free time reading in the local cemetery because he felt he didn’t fit in.

After completing his education, Bradley worked in Cobourg as a radio and television engineer, designing and building electronic systems. He then worked briefly for Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in Toronto (now Ryerson University), before moving to Saskatoon to take a job at the University of Saskatchewan in 1969. There he helped develop a broadcasting studio, where he worked as Director of Television Engineering for 25 years. He took an early retirement from the university in 1994 in order to become a full-time writer.[1]

ine" id="Writing_career">Writing career

Bradley had been interested in writing his entire life. However, he began to take it more seriously in his early 30s after moving to Saskatoon. There, he joined several writing groups and began spending time with local writers.

He wrote several short stories that were read on CBC Radio and published in literary magazines. Following his early retirement from the University of Saskatchewan in 1994, Bradley and his wife Shirley moved to Kelowna, British Columbia for her work, while Bradley focused full-time on writing. He wrote multiple screenplays over the course of nine years. Then, during the 2003 Okanagan Mountain Park Fire, many homes neighbouring Bradley’s were destroyed, although his was spared from the fire. The experience inspired him to do something different, and he began focusing on memoirs instead of screenplays.[1] He wrote a non-fiction book called Ms Holmes of Baker Street and a memoir called The Shoebox Bible.[2] In 2006, he began writing his first novel.

Soon after, Bradley’s wife was listening to CBC Radio as Louise Penny, a Canadian mystery author, discussed the Debut Dagger fiction competition, run by the U.K. Crime Writers’ Association and sponsored by the Orion Publishing Group in Britain. The competition requires that entrants submit the first chapter and a synopsis of a murder mystery. Bradley’s wife encouraged him to write something new about the “girl on the camp stool”, a minor character that had emerged in the novel Bradley was working on. In early 2007, Bradley entered the Dagger contest by submitting fifteen pages about the “girl on the camp stool” character, now named Flavia de Luce. These pages, which took only a few days to write and several weeks of polishing, would become the basis of The Sweetness at the Bottom of the Pie.[1] Bradley set the book in England despite having never visited it.[2] In June 2007, two judges from the contest contacted Bradley’s agent in Canada to express interest in publishing the proposed book; they also inadvertently informed him that Bradley was the winner of the competition. A bidding war ensued, and on June 27, 2007, Bradley sold Orion the rights for three books in Britain. Within several days, Doubleday had purchased the Canadian rights and Bantam Books the U.S. rights. At age 69, Bradley left North America for the first time when he went to London, England to pick up the Dagger award on July 5, 2007.

Upon his return to Canada after the award ceremony, Bradley took a few weeks off, and then spent seven months turning the submitted fifteen pages into a full-length novel. The Sweetness at the Bottom of the Pie was published in the UK in January 2009 and in Canada in February 2009.[1] The book has since developed into a series of novels about young Flavia de Luce solving various crimes in a 1950s village. The second installment (The Weed That Strings the Hangman’s Bag) was published in March 2010,[3] the third (A Red Herring without Mustard) in February 2011,[4] the fourth (I Am Half-Sick of Shadows) in December 2011,[5] and the fifth (Speaking from Among the Bones) in January 2013.[6] The sixth book, The Dead in Their Vaulted Arches, was released in early 2014.[7] The series has been extended to ten books, up from an original order of six.[7]

In 2012, director Sam Mendes optioned the Flavia de Luce series, which he intends to develop into TV movies.[8]

ine" id="Personal_life">Personal life

Since selling their home in Kelowna, British Columbia in 2009, Bradley and his wife Shirley have been traveling, hoping to spend time living in various places and visiting every country that is publishing his books.[1]

ine" id="Bibliography">Bibliography

ine" id="References">References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Morrow, Fiona, “At 70, a novelist is born”, The Globe and Mail, February 14, 2009, pg. R1. Factiva (subscription required). Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d “Alan Bradley Interview”. AbeBooks. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  3. ^ H.J. Kirchoff (Mar 26, 2010). “A delightfully deadly child sleuth”. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ Elizabeth J. Duncan (February 11, 2011). “Flavia de Luce is back in fine form”. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ Dragana Kovacevic (December 7, 2011). “The return of Flavia de Luce: Delightful mystery, plucky heroine, good fun”. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ Anne Sutherland (February 2, 2013). “Tales of Flavia’s adventures can’t come quickly enough”. The Montreal Gazette. The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Paris, Donna (January 5, 2013). “Saturday Afternoon Book Club – January 2013: Speaking from Among the Bones”. Canadian Living. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ “Director Sam Mendes options Flavia de Luce mystery series”. The Globe and Mail. May 9, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 

ine" id="External_links">External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Alan Bradley (writer), which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

When You Are Engulfed In Flames

When You Are Engulfed in Flames

First edition cover
Author David Sedaris
Country United States
Language English
Genre Essay collection
Publisher Little, Brown and Company
Publication date
June 3, 2008
Media type Print (hardcover), audio book
Pages 323 pp (first edition, hardcover)
ISBN ISBN 0-316-14347-2 (first edition, hardcover)
OCLC 183392234
814/.54 22
LC Class PS3569.E314 W48 2008
Preceded by Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim
Followed by Squirrel Seeks Chipmunk: A Modest Bestiary

When You Are Engulfed in Flames is a collection of essays by bestselling American humorist David Sedaris. It was released on June 3, 2008.

ine" id="Synopsis">Synopsis

Sedaris’s sixth book assembles essays on various situations such as trying to make coffee when the water is shut off, associations in the French countryside, buying drugs in a mobile home in rural North Carolina, having a lozenge fall from your mouth into the lap of a fellow passenger on a plane, armoring windows with LP covers to protect the house from neurotic songbirds, lancing a boil from another’s backside, and venturing to Japan to quit smoking. Little, Brown and Company issued a first-run hardcover release of 100,000 copies.

ine" id="Television_appearances">Television appearances

Sedaris was a guest on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart on Comedy Central on June 3, 2008. During the interview he recommended moving to Hiroshima, Japan for three months to stop smoking. This smoking cessation method, which cost the author $23,000, is the subject of the last essay of his book. He also described the genesis for the name of his book. It was the name of a chapter in a book he found in a hotel room in Hiroshima, Japan. He also appeared on The Late Show on CBS, with David Letterman.

ine" id="Cover_art">Cover art

The first-edition cover was designed by Chip Kidd. It features an early painting by Vincent van Gogh.[1]

Skull of a Skeleton with Burning Cigarette, oil on canvas, 1885, Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam

ine" id="Contents">Contents

(Check Numeration)

  1. It’s Catching – A work on Hugh and his mother
  2. Keeping Up – Sedaris trying to keep up with Hugh, who walks too fast
  3. The Understudy – Memories of a bad white trash babysitter.
  4. This Old House – David moves into a boarding house.
  5. Buddy, Can You Spare a Tie? – Sedaris’s recollections on various bad clothing and “accessories”
  6. Road Trips – Being picked up by a driver that wants a blow job.
  7. What I Learned – Talking about Princeton
  8. That’s Amore – A rude neighbor named Helen
  9. The Monster Mash – Sedaris’s fascination with dead bodies.
  10. In the Waiting Room – Language barriers and the consequences
  11. Solution to Saturday’s Puzzle – David’s throat lozenge falls on to a bitchy airplane seatmate
  12. Adult Figures Charging Toward a Concrete Toadstool – His parents collecting art
  13. Memento Mori – Buying a human skeleton for Hugh
  14. All the Beauty You Will Ever Need – Making coffee without water and his relationship with Hugh
  15. Town and Country – A cabdriver in New York who talks about his sex life
  16. Aerial – Using album covers to scare away birds
  17. The Man in the Hut – A neighbor in France who was sent to jail for molesting his wife’s grandchildren
  18. Of Mice and Men – About icebreaker conversations
  19. April in Paris – About interacting with animals and Sedaris’s recollections of a spider
  20. Crybaby – Sedaris sits next to a grieving man in an airplane.
  21. Old Faithful – Hugh lances a boil on Sedaris’s backside
  22. The Smoking Section – Sedaris tries to quit smoking in Japan

ine" id="References">References

  1. ^ Mancoff, Debra N. “Early Paintings by Vincent van Gogh.” 28 August 2007.
Preceded by
What Happened
by Scott McClellan
#1 New York Times Best Seller Non-Fiction
June 22, 2008 – July 27, 2008
Succeeded by
The Obama Nation
by Jerome Corsi

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article When You Are Engulfed In Flames, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

dress your family in corduroy and denim

Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim

First edition cover
Author David Sedaris
Cover artist Jacket design by Chip Kidd
Country United States
Language English
Genre Essay collection
Publisher Little, Brown and Company
Publication date
June 1, 2004
Media type Print (Hardcover and Paperback)
Pages 272 pp (first edition, hardcover)
ISBN ISBN 0-316-14346-4 (first edition, hardcover)
OCLC 53138732
814/.54 22
LC Class PS3569.E314 R47 2004
Preceded by Me Talk Pretty One Day
Followed by When You Are Engulfed in Flames

Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim is a 2004 collection of 22 autobiographical essays by American humorist David Sedaris. The essays address the author’s upbringing in Raleigh, North Carolina, his relationships with family members, and his work and life in New York City and France.

The following is a list of the essays in Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim, with brief notes about their contents:

  1. “Us and Them” – childhood memories of a family “who don’t believe in TV”
  2. “Let It Snow” – the day when Sedaris’s mother locked her children out in the snow
  3. The Ship Shape” – childhood memories of the second home that his father never bought
  4. “Full House” – a childhood game of strip poker gives the young Sedaris a touching moment
  5. “Consider the Stars” – reflecting on the cool kid at school
  6. “Monie Changes Everything” – Sedaris’ rich aunt
  7. The Change in Me” – the 13-year-old Sedaris wants to act like a hippie
  8. “Hejira” – Sedaris’ father kicks him out of his house due to his homosexuality
  9. “Slumus Lordicus” – Sedaris’ father’s experiences as a landlord
  10. The Girl Next Door” – Sedaris’ relationship with a girl from a troubled family
  11. “Blood Work” – a case of mistaken identity while cleaning houses
  12. The End of the Affair” – Sedaris and Hugh’s different reactions to a love story
  13. “Repeat After Me” – Sedaris’ visit to his sister Lisa, and his family’s feelings about being the subject of his essays
  14. “Six to Eight Black Men” – thoughts about the traditional Dutch Christmas story, among other cultural oddities
  15. “Rooster at the Hitchin’ Post” – Sedaris’ younger brother is born and gets married
  16. “Possession” – searching for a new apartment, and Anne Frank‘s house
  17. “Put a Lid on It” – a visit to Sedaris’ sister Tiffany’s home, and their relationship
  18. “A Can of Worms” – Sedaris’s mind wanders as he, Hugh, and a friend eat at a diner
  19. “Chicken in the Henhouse” – prejudiced attitudes towards homosexuals in America
  20. “Who’s the Chef?” – bickering between two people in a long-term relationship
  21. “Baby Einstein” – the arrival of his brother’s first baby
  22. “Nuit of the Living Dead” – a late night encounter at home in rural France

ine" id="Title_origin">Title origin

At the time of publication, there was considerable fan speculation as to the origin of the book’s title. During an October 12, 2010 public appearance in Cleveland, Ohio, Sedaris said he was under a deadline for a title and was getting a little desperate when his boyfriend Hugh had a dream in which he saw someone reading a book entitled, in French, Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim. Sedaris then knew that he had his title, even though it had nothing to do with the contents of his own book.

ine" id="Audiobook">Audiobook

The book was released on audio CD, with Sedaris reading, from Time Warner Audiobooks.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article dress your family in corduroy and denim, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Me Talk Pretty One Day

Me Talk Pretty One Day

Paperback cover
Author David Sedaris
Cover artist Jacket design by Chip Kidd
Country United States
Language English
Genre Essay collection
Publisher Little, Brown and Company
Publication date
May 2, 2000
Media type Print (hardcover and paperback)
Pages 288 pp (first edition, hardcover)
ISBN ISBN 0-316-77772-2 (first edition, hardcover)
OCLC 43562054
814/.54 21
LC Class PS3569.E314 M4 2000
Preceded by Holidays on Ice
Followed by Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim

Me Talk Pretty One Day, published in 2000, is a bestselling collection of essays by American humorist David Sedaris. The book is separated into two parts. The first part consists of essays about Sedaris’s life before his move to Normandy, France, including his upbringing in suburban Raleigh, North Carolina, his time working odd jobs in New York City, and a visit to New York from a childhood friend and her bumpkinish girlfriend. The second section, “Deux”, tells of Sedaris’s move to Normandy with his partner Hugh, often drawing humor from his efforts to live in France without speaking the French language and his frustrated attempts to learn it. Prior to publication, several of the essays were read by the author on the Public Radio International program, This American Life.

In April 2001, Variety reported that Sedaris had sold the Me Talk Pretty One Day film rights to director Wayne Wang, who was adapting four stories from the book for Columbia Pictures with hopes of beginning shooting in late 2001.[1][2] At the time, Sedaris commented, “It’s just one of those things I had never considered. Like, ‘What if I de-clawed a kitten?’ But I like Wayne Wang a lot.”[2] He recommended Jack Lemmon to play his father and Elaine Stritch for his mother.[2] Wang had completed the script and begun casting when Sedaris asked to “get out of it,” after a conversation with his sister aroused concerns as to how his family might be portrayed on screen. He wrote about the conversation and its aftermath in the essay “Repeat After Me”, published in Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim. Sedaris recounted that Wang was “a real prince. I didn’t want him to be mad at me, but he was so grown up about it. I never saw how it could be turned into a movie anyway.”[3]

ine" id="Contents">Contents

ine" id="One">One

  1. “Go Carolina” – Sedaris is forced to go to his elementary school speech therapist for his lisp.
  2. “Giant Dreams, Midget Abilities” – Sedaris’s father enrolls him in guitar lessons taught by a midget.
  3. “Genetic Engineering” Sedaris discusses the disparate interests between his father and the rest of the family.
  4. “Twelve Moments in the Life of the Artist” – Sedaris discusses his performance art and methamphetamine days.
  5. “You Can’t Kill the Rooster” – Sedaris’s brother, Paul, has a dirty mouth, but kind heart.
  6. The Youth in Asia” – Sedaris recounts the different pets he grew up – and their demises.
  7. The Learning Curve” – Sedaris recalls his job teaching a writing workshop while being highly unqualified.
  8. “Big Boy” – After going to a party, Sedaris finds himself trying to get rid of a huge turd that was left as a present by the previous visitor.
  9. The Great Leap Forward”- Sedaris is hired by a woman that lives in a big house to be her personal assistant.
  10. “Today’s Special” – Sedaris has trouble understanding the many complex food items on menus.
  11. “City of Angels” – A lesbian childhood friend back in North Carolina comes to visit Sedaris and Hugh, and she brings along her rather uncultured hick girlfriend who seems to express culture shock much to the annoyance of Sedaris (and even her girlfriend at times).
  12. “A Shiner Like a Diamond” Sedaris’s sister, Amy, is profiled in a New York magazine
  13. “” – Sedaris recalls his reluctance to join the internet

ine" id="Deux">Deux

  1. “See You Again Yesterday”
  2. “Me Talk Pretty One Day” – Sedaris recalls a French class he took in Paris.
  3. “Jesus Shaves”
  4. The Tapeworm Is In”
  5. “Make That a Double”
  6. “Remembering My Childhood on the Continent of Africa” – Sedaris discusses the childhood of his partner, Hugh.
  7. “21 Down” – Sedaris talks about his crossword addiction.
  8. The City of Light in the Dark” – With much to do in Paris, Sedaris rather enjoys going to the movies during the day.
  9. I Pledge Allegiance to the Bag”
  10. “Picka Pocketoni” – American tourists mistake Sedaris for a pickpocket while riding the train in Paris.
  11. I Almost Saw This Girl Get Killed” – Sedaris recalls an evening at the county fair near his home in France.
  12. “Smart Guy”
  13. The Late Show” – Sedaris lists the different fantasies he mulls over while trying to sleep at night.
  14. I’ll Eat What He’s Wearing” – Sedaris’s father visits him in Paris.

ine" id="References">References

  1. ^ Fleming, Michael. “‘Wave’ duo pilot cable; Wang’s ‘Pretty’ deal”, Variety, 2001-04-05. Retrieved on 2007-10-07.
  2. ^ a b c Lafreniere, Steve. “Amy and David Sedaris”, Index Magazine, 2001. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  3. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh. “10 Questions for David Sedaris”, Time, 2004-06-21. Retrieved on 2007-10-07.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Me Talk Pretty One Day, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

David Sedaris

David Sedaris
David Sedaris (June 2008).jpg

Sedaris in 2007
Born David Raymond Sedaris
(1956-12-26) December 26, 1956 (age 57)
Binghamton, New York
Residence West Sussex, England
Citizenship United States of America
Known for Humorist, comedian, radio contributor, writer
Influences Lorrie Moore, Alice Munro, Flannery O’Connor, Tobias Wolff, Richard Yates, Kurt Vonnegut[1]
Partner Hugh Hamrick

David Raymond Sedaris (born December 26, 1956) is an American humorist, comedian, author, and radio contributor. He was publicly recognized in 1992 when National Public Radio broadcast his essay “SantaLand Diaries“. He published his first collection of essays and short stories, Barrel Fever, in 1994. His next five essay collections, Naked (1997), Holidays on Ice (1997), Me Talk Pretty One Day (2000), Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim (2004), and When You Are Engulfed in Flames (2008), became New York Times Best Sellers.[2][3][4][5][6] In 2010, he released a collection of stories, Squirrel Seeks Chipmunk: A Modest Bestiary.[7][8][9] In 2013, Sedaris released his latest collection of essays, Let’s Explore Diabetes with Owls.

By 2008, his books had sold seven million copies.[10] Much of Sedaris’ humor is autobiographical and self-deprecating, and often concerns his family life, his middle-class upbringing in the suburbs of Raleigh, North Carolina, his Greek heritage, jobs, education, drug use, and obsessive behaviors, and his life in France, London, and the English South Downs.


ine" id="Personal_life">Personal life

Sedaris was born in Binghamton, New York, to Lou, an IBM engineer, and Sharon (née Leonard)[11] Sedaris[12][13] and grew up in Raleigh, North Carolina. He is of Greek descent on his father’s side.[citation needed] His mother was Protestant and his father is Greek Orthodox.[14]

Sedaris was raised in a suburb of Raleigh and is the second child of six. His siblings, from oldest to youngest, are Lisa, Gretchen, Amy,[15] Tiffany,[16] and Paul (The Rooster). Tiffany Sedaris died in May 2013.[17] In his teens and twenties, he dabbled in visual and performance art. He describes his lack of success in several of his essays. After graduating from Jesse O. Sanderson High School in Raleigh, Sedaris briefly attended Western Carolina University[18] before transferring to and dropping out of Kent State University in 1977. He moved to Chicago in 1983 and graduated from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1987. (He did not attend Princeton University, although he spoke fondly of doing so in “What I Learned”, a comic baccalaureate address delivered at Princeton in June 2006.[19])

Sedaris currently lives in Horsham, West Sussex, England, with his longtime partner Hugh Hamrick, whom Sedaris mentions in a number of his stories.[20] Sedaris describes them as the “sort of couple who wouldn’t get married”.[21][22] He enjoys collecting litter in the local area, where he is known as “Pig Pen”, and has a garbage truck named after him.[23][24]

ine" id="Career">Career

While working odd jobs across Raleigh, Chicago, and New York City, Sedaris was discovered in a Chicago club by radio host Ira Glass; Sedaris was reading a diary he has kept since 1977. Glass asked him to appear on his weekly local program, The Wild Room.[25] Sedaris said, “I owe everything to Ira … My life just changed completely, like someone waved a magic wand.”[26] Sedaris’ success on The Wild Room led to his National Public Radio debut on December 23, 1992, when he read a radio essay on Morning Edition titled “SantaLand Diaries“, which described his purported experiences as an elf at Macy’s department store during Christmas in New York.

“SantaLand Diaries” was a success with listeners,[27] and made Sedaris what The New York Times called “a minor phenomenon”.[25] He began recording a monthly segment for NPR based on his diary entries, edited and produced by Glass, and signed a two-book deal with Little, Brown and Company.[25] In 1993, Sedaris told The New York Times he was publishing his first book, a collection of stories and essays, and had 70 pages written of his second book, a novel “about a man who keeps a diary and whom Mr. Sedaris described as ‘not me, but a lot like me’”.[25]

ine" id="Collections_and_mainstream_success">Collections and mainstream success

In 1994, Sedaris published Barrel Fever, a collection of stories and essays. He became a frequent contributor when Glass began a weekly hour-long PRI/Chicago Public Radio show, This American Life, in 1995. Sedaris began writing essays for Esquire and The New Yorker. In 1997, he published another collection of essays, Naked, which won the Randy Shilts Award for Gay Non-Fiction from Publishing Triangle in 1998.[28]

He wrote his next book, Me Talk Pretty One Day, mostly in France over seven months and published it in 2000 to “practically unanimous rave reviews”.[29] For that book, Sedaris won the 2001 Thurber Prize for American Humor.[30]

In April 2001, Variety reported Sedaris had sold the Me Talk Pretty One Day film rights to director Wayne Wang, who was adapting four stories from the book for Columbia Pictures.[15][31] Wang had completed the script and begun casting when Sedaris asked to “get out of it”, after he and his sister worried how their family might be portrayed. He wrote about the conversation and its aftermath in the essay “Repeat After Me”. Sedaris recounted that Wang was “a real princeI didn’t want him to be mad at me, but he was so grown up about it. I never saw how it could be turned into a movie anyway.”[32]

In 2004, Sedaris published Dress Your Family in Corduroy and Denim, which reached number 1 on The New York Times Nonfiction Best Seller List on June 20, 2004.[5] The audiobook of Dress Your Family, read by Sedaris, was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album; the same year, Sedaris was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album for his recording Live at Carnegie Hall. In March 2006, Ira Glass said that Sedaris’ next book would be a collection of animal fables;[33] that year, Sedaris included several animal fables in his US book tour, and three of his fables were broadcast on This American Life.[citation needed]

In September 2007, a new Sedaris collection was announced for publication on June 3, 2008.[8] The collection’s working title was All the Beauty You Will Ever Need, but Sedaris retitled it Indefinite Leave to Remain and finally settled on the title When You Are Engulfed in Flames.[7][34] Although at least one news source assumed the book would be fables,[8] Sedaris said in October 2007 that the collection might include a “surprisingly brief story about [his] decision to quit smoking … along with stories about a Polish crybaby, throwing shit in a paraplegic’s yard, chimpanzees at a typing school, and people visiting [him] in France.”[7]

In December 2008, Sedaris received an honorary doctorate from Binghamton University.[35]

In April 2010, BBC Radio 4 aired Meet David Sedaris, a four-part series of essays which Sedaris read before a live audience.[36] A second series of 6 programmes began airing on BBC Radio 4 Extra on June 13, 2011, with third series beginning on September 30, 2012.[37]

Sedaris released Squirrel Seeks Chipmunk: A Modest Bestiary, a collection of fables “detailing animals in strange adult situations”, on September 28, 2010.[7][8][9]

In July 2011, Sedaris’ essay, “Chicken Toenails, Anyone?”, published in The Guardian,[38] garnered some criticism over perceptions that it was insensitive towards China and Chinese culture.[39][40]

A frequent guest of late-night US talk show host Craig Ferguson‘s, in April 2012, Sedaris joined Ferguson and the cast of CBS’s The Late, Late Show in Scotland for a theme week in and around Ferguson’s hometown between Glasgow and Edinburgh. The five weeknight episodes aired in May 2012, during the high profile rating sweeps.[citation needed]

On April 23, 2013, Sedaris’ ninth book, Let’s Explore Diabetes With Owls, was released.

ine" id="Veracity_of_nonfiction_work">Veracity of nonfiction work

In 2007, in an article in The New Republic, Alexander S. Heard stated that much of Sedaris’ work is insufficiently factual to justify being marketed as nonfiction.[41] Several published responses to Heard’s article argued that Sedaris’ readers are aware that his descriptions and stories are intentionally exaggerated and manipulated to maximize comic effect.[42][43]

Subsequently, in the wake of a controversy involving Mike Daisey‘s dramatizing and embellishing his personal experiences at Chinese factories, during an excerpt from his theatrical monologue for This American Life, new attention has been paid to the veracity of Sedaris’ nonfiction stories. NPR will label stories from Sedaris, such as “SantaLand Diaries“, as fiction, while This American Life will fact check stories to the extent that memories and long-ago conversations can be checked.[44] The New Yorker already subjects nonfiction stories written for that magazine to its comprehensive fact-checking policy.[45]

ine" id="The_Talent_Family">The Talent Family

Sedaris is also a playwright, having written with his sister, actress Amy Sedaris, several plays under the name “The Talent Family”. These include Stump the Host (1993), Stitches (1994), and The Little Frieda Mysteries (1997). All were produced and presented by Meryl Vladimer when she was the artistic director ofthe CLUB” at La MaMa, E.T.C., and The Book of Liz (2002) was produced by Ania A. Shapiro.[citation needed]

Sedaris also co-authored Incident at Cobbler’s Knob, presented and produced by David Rockwell at the Lincoln Center Festival. Sets for those performances were designed by Sedaris’ longtime partner, Hugh Hamrick, who also directed two of them, The Book of Liz and Incident at Cobbler’s Knob.[citation needed]

Sedaris and his sister Amy shared “The Talent Family” credit on the latter’s short-lived sketch comedy show Exit 57, while David was a contributing writer.[citation needed]

ine" id="Works">Works

ine" id="Story_and_essay_collections">Story and essay collections

ine" id="Articles">Articles

ine" id="The_New_Yorker"><i>The New Yorkeri>

Sedaris has contributed over 40 essays to The New Yorker magazine and blog,[46] including:

  • “Old Faithful”[47]
  • “What I Learned”[48] (delivered at Princeton in June 2006), a comic baccalaureate address
  • “Dentists Without Borders”[49], a humorous essay on socialized medicine in France

ine" id="Other_articles.2FUnpublished">Other articles/Unpublished

ine" id="Audio_recordings">Audio recordings

ine" id="Episodes_of_This_American_Life_featuring_Sedaris">Episodes of <i> American Life" rel="nofollow">This American Lifei> featuring Sedaris

ine" id="References">References

  1. ^ Sedaris, David. “Introduction” to Sedaris, David, ed. Children Playing Before a Statue of Hercules. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005. ISBN 0-7432-7394-X. pp. 1-7.
  2. ^ “Best Sellers: April 6, 1997″, The New York Times, April 6, 1997. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  3. ^ “Paperback Best Sellers: December 22, 2002″, The New York Times, December 22, 2002. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  4. ^ “Best Sellers: June 11, 2000″, The New York Times, June 11, 2000. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  5. ^ a b “Best Sellers: June 20, 2004″, The New York Times, June 20, 2004. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  6. ^ “Best Sellers: July 6, 2008″, The New York Times, July 6, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c d Hambrick, Greg. “David Sedaris is Taking Notes”, Charleston City Paper, October 3, 2007. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  8. ^ a b c d Isaac, Mike. “David Sedaris announces new book release”, Paste, September 20, 2007. Retrieved January 8, 2007.
  9. ^ a b Releases worth a bookmark. September 8, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
  10. ^ Lyall, Sarah. “What You Read Is What He Is, Sort Of”, The New York Times, June 8, 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
  11. ^ Sedaris, David (2006). Dix Hill’, p. 90″. Naked (1 ed.). London: Abacus. Retrieved September 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ “TNR”. 
  13. ^ “TNR”. 
  14. ^ “Me Talk Pretty One Day: Books: David Sedaris”. 
  15. ^ a b Lafreniere, and Steve “Amy and David Sedaris”, Index Magazine, 2001. Retrieved October 9, 2007.
  16. ^ Moore, Jina (August 15, 2004). “Sister in a Glass House”, The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
  17. ^ Sedaris, David (October 28, 2013). “Now We Are Five: A big family, at the beach”, The New Yorker. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
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  19. ^ Sedaris, David (June 26, 2006). “What I Learned”. The New Yorker. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  20. ^ David Spera, Steven M. Birkland and Todd Hanlon Bright Ideas Design. “David Sedaris – Gay and Lesbian Travel”. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  21. ^ Schrobsdorff, Susanna (May 29, 2008). “David Sedaris on Writing, Reading and Gay Marriage – Newsweek and The Daily Beast”. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  22. ^ “BBC Radio 4 – Ramblings, Series 23, David Sedaris”. BBC. March 9, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  23. ^ “South Downs litter picker has truck named after him”. West Sussex County Times (Horsham). July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  24. ^ Tim Dowling (31 July 2014). “David Sedaris? Who? Oh, you mean the local litter-picker”. Guardian newspapers. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  25. ^ a b c d Marchese, John. “He Does Radio And Windows”, The New York Times, July 4, 1993. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  26. ^ St. John, Warren. “Turning Sour Grapes Into a Silk Purse”, The New York Times, June 6, 2004. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  27. ^ “Sedaris and Crumpet the Elf: A Holiday Tradition”, Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  28. ^ “awards”. The Publishing Triangle. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  29. ^ Richards, Linda. “David Sedaris”, January Magazine, June 2000. Retrieved October 9, 2007.
  30. ^ “Past Thurber Prize Winners”. Thurber House. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  31. ^ Fleming, Michael. “‘Wave’ duo pilot cable; Wang’s ‘Pretty’ deal”, Variety, April 5, 2001. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  32. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh. “10 Questions For David Sedaris”, Time, June 21, 2004. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  33. ^ Glass, Ira. Chicago Public Radio pledge drive, March 24, 2006.
  34. ^ Why Does David Sedaris Keep Changing the Title of His Book? The Man Himself Explains New York Observer. February 21, 2008. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
  35. ^ “Binghamton University to hold second Fall commencement” (Press release). Binghamton University. December 8, 2008. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  36. ^ “Meet David Sedaris”. Radio 4. BBC. 
  37. ^ “Meet David Sedaris”. Radio 4 Extra. BBC. 
  38. ^ “David Sedaris: Chicken toenails, anyone?”, The Guardian, July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  39. ^ Yang, Jeff (July 29, 2011). “David Sedaris Talks Ugly About China”, San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  40. ^ O’Connell, Joe (July 23, 2011). “Your letters: Tell us what you think”. The Guardian (London). Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  41. ^ Heard, Alex. “This American Lie: A midget guitar teacher, a Macy’s elf, and the truth about David Sedaris”, The New Republic, March 19, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 20085.
  42. ^ Balk, Alex. “David Sedaris May Sometimes Exaggerate For Effect!”,, March 14, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  43. ^ Villalon, Oscar. “Public’s taste for nonfiction has publishers playing fast and loose with labels”, San Francisco Chronicle, April 3, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  44. ^ Farhi, Paul (May 14, 2012). “Style”. The Washington Post. 
  45. ^ Lyall, Sarah (June 8, 2008). “What You Read Is What He Is, Sort Of”. The New York Times. 
  46. ^ “Contributors – David Sedaris”. The New Yorker. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  47. ^ Sedaris, David (November 29, 2004). “Reflections: Old Faithful”. The New Yorker. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  48. ^ Sedaris, David (June 26, 2006). “Annals of Commencement: What I Learned”. The New Yorker. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  49. ^ Sedaris, David (April 2, 2012). “Socialized Medicine in Old Europe”. The New Yorker. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  50. ^ David Sedaris (December 2, 2005). “David and Goliath”. This American Life (WBEZ). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  51. ^ “This American Life, Episode 3″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  52. ^ “This American Life, Episode 4″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  53. ^ “This American Life, Episode 6″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  54. ^ “This American Life, Episode 23″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  55. ^ “This American Life, Episode 27″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  56. ^ “This American Life, Episode 28″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  57. ^ “This American Life, Episode 35″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  58. ^ “This American Life, Episode 47″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  59. ^ “This American Life, Episode 49″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  60. ^ “This American Life, Episode 52″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  61. ^ “This American Life, Episode 57″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  62. ^ “This American Life, Episode 60″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  63. ^ “This American Life, Episode 67″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  64. ^ “This American Life, Episode 73″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  65. ^ “This American Life, Episode 82″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  66. ^ “This American Life, Episode 87″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  67. ^ “This American Life, Episode 97″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  68. ^ “This American Life, Episode 99″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  69. ^ “This American Life, Episode 104″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  70. ^ “This American Life, Episode 136″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  71. ^ “This American Life, Episode 137″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  72. ^ “This American Life, Episode 141″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  73. ^ “This American Life, Episode 148″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  74. ^ “This American Life, Episode 154″. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  75. ^ “Million Bubbles”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  76. ^ “Americans In Paris”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  77. ^ “Three Kinds of Deception”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  78. ^ “Stories of Loss”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  79. ^ “Before and After”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  80. ^ “How to Win Friends and Influence People”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  81. ^ “Them”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  82. ^ “Family Physics”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  83. ^ “Fake I.D.”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  84. ^ “Home Movies”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  85. ^ “The Balloon Goes Up”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  86. ^ “I’m In Charge Now”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  87. ^ “20 Acts in 60 Minutes”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  88. ^ “What I Should’ve Said”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  89. ^ “Apology”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  90. ^ “Not What I Meant”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  91. ^ “David and Goliath”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  92. ^ “The This American Life Holiday Spectacular”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  93. ^ “Star-Crossed Love”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  94. ^ “Cat and Mouse”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  95. ^ “The Parrot and the Potbellied Pig”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  96. ^ “And the Call Was Coming from the Basement”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  97. ^ “Crybabies”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  98. ^ “Day At The Beach”. This American Life. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 

ine" id="External_links">External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article David Sedaris, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Andrea De Carlo

Andrea De Carlo

Andrea De Carlo (Milano, 11 dicembre 1952) è uno scrittore, musicista, pittore e fotografo italiano.

ine" id="Biografia">Biografia

Nasce e cresce a Milano: il suo “odio-amore” per il capoluogo lombardo sarà un tema ricorrente in diversi suoi romanzi. Suo padre è il noto architetto genovese Giancarlo De Carlo, amico di Elio Vittorini e di altri intellettuali milanesi. Sua madre Giuliana è traduttrice dall’inglese.

Frequenta il Liceo Classico Giovanni Berchet (protagonista dei primi capitoli di Due di due), e consegue una laurea in Storia contemporanea, con una tesi sulle comunità anarchiche d’Aragona durante la guerra civile spagnola. Si occupa di fotografia, facendo da secondo assistente a Oliviero Toscani e poi dedicandosi per conto proprio a ritratti e reportage.

Viaggia molto, in Europa, Nord e Sud America. Negli Stati Uniti risiede a Boston, New York, Santa Barbara e Los Angeles, dove insegna italiano e fa altri lavori che racconterà nel suo primo romanzo.

Successivamente si stabilisce in Australia lungo le tappe descritte in Due di due: Sydney, Melbourne e il Queensland. A questo periodo risale la stesura di due romanzi che De Carlo non pubblica, perché li considera “esercizi di ricerca e formazione”. Torna in Italia, dove vive a Milano, Roma e nella campagna delle Marche. Nel 1981 l’editore Einaudi pubblica Treno di panna, già scritto in inglese con il titolo Cream Train. Italo Calvino ne cura la quarta di copertina. Treno di panna diventerà anni più tardi un film diretto da De Carlo (il protagonista è Sergio Rubini), la cui trama riporta solo qualche somiglianza con il libro.

Il suo secondo romanzo è Uccelli da gabbia e da voliera, pubblicato nella primavera del 1982. Andrea De Carlo riceve l’apprezzamento di Federico Fellini, che lo invita a fargli da assistente per il film E la nave va. Alla fine delle riprese, De Carlo realizza il film/documentario Le facce di Fellini, sul rapporto tra il grande regista e i suoi attori (lavoro proiettato in pubblico solo due volte e poi misteriosamente scomparso). In seguito De Carlo collabora con Michelangelo Antonioni alla scrittura di un film mai realizzato.

Il suo romanzo più noto è Due di due, la storia dell’amicizia tra l’insofferente, anarchico, creativo Guido Laremi e quella del più tranquillo e concreto Mario, voce narrante della vicenda.

Nel 2006 esce Mare delle verità, un romanzo avventuroso con una trama molto diversa dalle precedenti, dal ritmo serrato ed emozionante. Con questo romanzo, uno dei suoi più impegnati, De Carlo propone la sua lucida e personale visione di problemi sociali, politici e religiosi ancora aperti.

Nel 2008 esce Durante, romanzo che ruota intorno alla figura di una sorta di sciamano contemporaneo (Durante), per raccontare rapporti tra uomini e donne e della relazione tra realtà e immaginazione nella vita di ognuno.

Nel giugno del 2009 si dimette dalla giuria del Premio Strega con una lettera indirizzata al presidente Tullio De Mauro, pubblicata anche sul proprio sito internet, in cui denuncia le manipolazioni sistematiche dei principali premi letterari da parte dei grandi gruppi editoriali.

Nel 2010 esce Leielui, romanzo che racconta dell’amore tra Clare Moletto, americana che vive in Italia, e Daniel Deserti, romanziere in profonda crisi creativa e personale. Ambientata a Milano, sulla costa della Liguria, nel sud della Francia e a Vancouver, la vicenda si svolge tutta nel corso di una caldissima estate.

Nel 2012 esce Villa Metaphora. In un esclusivo resort arrampicato sulla disabitata costa occidentale dell’isola vulcanica di Tari converge un gruppo di personaggi ricchi e famosi, in fuga dal mondo per le più diverse ragioni. Di capitolo in capitolo si alternano quattordici punti di vista che corrispondono ad altrettanti protagonisti, in registri che vanno dal drammatico all’ironico all’apertamente comico. Romanzo di 921 pagine, con immissioni di lingue dall’inglese al francese al russo, all’immaginario dialetto tarese, è forse l’opera più impegnativa di Andrea De Carlo, costruita con l’intento di raccontare il mondo contemporaneo nelle sue molte contraddizioni.

Il suo amore per la musica l’ha portato a realizzare i due cd (“Alcuni nomi” e “Dentro Giro di vento”), il primo insieme al grande percussionista bengalese Arup Kanti Das, con il quale ha girato a lungo l’Italia e diversi paesi europei in una serie di letture/concerti.

Dal novembre 2013 al marzo 2014, assieme agli scrittori Taiye Selasi e Giancarlo De Cataldo, è stato giudice del talent show di Rai Tre Masterpiece, primo talent show letterario al mondo,[1] il cui vincitore Nikola P. Savic ha pubblicato presso Bompiani il suo primo romanzo, con una postfazione dello stesso De Carlo.

ine" id="Opere">Opere

ine" id="Cinema">Cinema

ine" id="Musica">Musica

Ha composto ed eseguito le musiche dei cd Alcuni nomi (2002) e Dentro Giro di vento (2004).

ine" id="Altro">Altro

Ha scritto e messo in scena insieme al musicista Ludovico Einaudi i balletti Time Out con il gruppo americano ISO, e Salgari con Daniel Ezralow e il corpo di ballo dell’Arena di Verona.

Tutte le copertine dei romanzi di Andrea De Carlo sono realizzate dall’autore, utilizzando suoi dipinti (tempere su carta) o fotografie.

Nel 2004 Andrea De Carlo ha aderito alla campagna di Greenpeace “Scrittori per le foreste”, e da allora tutti i suoi romanzi sono stampati su carta riciclata senza uso di cloro o certificata FSC (Forest Stewardship Council).

ine" id="Note">Note

  1. ^ Al via Masterpiece, il primo talent letterario al mondo, URL consultato il 19 novembre 2013.

ine" id="Altri_progetti">Altri progetti

ine" id="Collegamenti_esterni">Collegamenti esterni

Controllo di autorità VIAF: 113162966 LCCN: n/85/239639 SBN: ITICCUCFIV15419

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Andrea De Carlo, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Susanna Tamaro

Susanna Tamaro

Susanna Tamaro (Trieste, 12 dicembre 1957) è una scrittrice italiana.

ine" id="Biografia">Biografia

Susanna Tamaro nasce in una famiglia della buona borghesia triestina. Ha un fratello più grande, Stefano, e uno più piccolo, Lorenzo. È lontana parente dello scrittore Italo Svevo.

Nel 1976 prende il diploma magistrale e poco dopo vince una borsa di studio per frequentare il Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia di Roma, città nella quale si trasferisce. Si diploma in regia con il cortometraggio d’animazione L’origine del giorno e della notte, tratto da un mito incas.

Nell’estate del 1977 è aiuto-regista di Salvatore Samperi che a Trieste sta girando Ernesto, tratto dall’omonimo libro di Umberto Saba.

Nel 1981 completò il primo romanzo “Illmitz“, edito nel 2014, che malgrado l’apprezzamento di Claudio Magris venne rifiutato dalle case editrici[1].

ine" id="L.27esordio">L’esordio

Negli anni ottanta collabora saltuariamente con la RAI. Non riesce ad entrare come regista nella neonata Rai 3 perché il suo diploma del Centro Sperimentale non è riconosciuto come laurea.

Nel 1989 partecipa ad un’iniziativa della casa editrice Marsilio che vuole lanciare sul mercato una collana di giovani scrittori inediti. Tamaro riesce ad esordire nel mondo della letteratura con il suo primo romanzo, La testa fra le nuvole. In questo periodo si ammala di bronchite asmatica, aggravata dallo smog e dall’inquinamento di Roma. Si trasferisce perciò in Umbria, nei dintorni di Orvieto, ospite di un’amica. In seguito acquisterà un casale a Porano, a pochi chilometri di distanza.

Nel 1990 esce sempre per Marsilio Per voce sola; il libro passa completamente inosservato, ma riceve gli elogi pubblici di Federico Fellini e di Alberto Moravia.

Nel 1991 si dedica al romanzo per l’infanzia con Cuore di ciccia, pubblicato dalla Mondadori.

ine" id="Il_successo_internazionale_di_Va.27_dove_ti_porta_il_cuore">Il successo internazionale di <i>Va’ dove ti porta il cuorei>

Exquisite-kfind.png Per approfondire, vedi Va’ dove ti porta il cuore.

Nel 1994, dopo tre anni di silenzio, pubblica il suo più grande successo, il romanzo epistolare Va’ dove ti porta il cuore, edito da Baldini Castoldi Dalai Editore. Accolto con freddezza da una parte della critica letteraria, vende oltre 15 milioni di copie in tutto il mondo.[2][3]

Nonostante il successo, il romanzo viene giudicato negativamente dalla critica di sinistra[4].

Ispirandosi al libro di Tamaro, nel 1996 la regista Cristina Comencini ne trae un omonimo film, con Virna Lisi e Margherita Buy.

Nel 2011, in occasione delle celebrazioni per l’unità d’Italia al Salone del Libro di Torino, Va’ dove ti porta il cuore viene inserito fra i 150 «Grandi Libri» che hanno segnato la storia d’Italia.[2][3]

ine" id="Gli_anni_Novanta">Gli anni Novanta

Nel 1996 inizia a tenere una rubrica sul settimanale Famiglia Cristiana nel quale affronta realtà solitamente ignorate dai grandi media. Lascia la rubrica nel 1998, raccogliendone però i numeri più salienti nel libro Cara Matildha – Non vedo l’ora che l’uomo cammini edito dalle Edizioni Paoline.

Nel 1997 ha esordito come autrice di musica, scrivendo insieme a Ron, per Tosca, il brano Nel respiro più grande,[5] presentato al Festival di Sanremo 1997 e giunto in finale. Lo stesso anno pubblica un altro best-seller, anche se di respiro minore rispetto al precedente, Anima Mundi.

Il 23 settembre del 1998 muore a Roma il padre Giovanni. Alcuni telegiornali lanciano la notizia falsa che sarebbe stato assassinato nel monolocale di Susanna Tamaro, sollevando uno scandalo [6]. Un comunicato della Procura e della stessa scrittrice poi chiarisce che il pensionato Giovanni Tamaro è morto per emorragia interna. Lo scandalo si chiude ma la famiglia Tamaro decide di tenere i suoi funerali in fretta e in segreto per sfuggire agli “sciacalli massmediatici”.

Nel 1998 scrive il soggetto per la storia a fumetti Paperino e la corsa al best-seller, pubblicata sul periodico Disney Topolino[7].

ine" id="Gli_anni_Duemila_e_gli_anni_Dieci">Gli anni Duemila e gli anni Dieci

Nel 2000 firma un contratto con la Rizzoli, alla quale cede in parte i diritti di tutte le sue opere precedenti, tra cui quelli miliardari di Va’ dove ti porta il cuore. Il 16 ottobre dà vita alla Fondazione Tamaro, che cura diverse iniziative e progetti di solidarietà e volontariato. Nel 2001 pubblica la raccolta Rispondimi, costituita da tre racconti, nel 2002 Più fuoco, più vento, nel 2003 Fuori, un’altra raccolta, stavolta di storie di immigrati tenuti ai margini della società.

Nel 2005 produce e realizza il suo primo film Nel mio amore, tratto dal suo racconto L’inferno non esiste presente in Rispondimi. Il film esce in DVD. Nel 2006 ha scritto uno spettacolo teatrale insieme con la cantautrice Grazia Di Michele e la scrittrice Sandra Cisnereos. Il 27 settembre del 2006 viene pubblicato Ascolta la mia voce, seguito di Va’ dove ti porta il cuore. Il libro è di nuovo un successo internazionale, i suoi diritti sono venduti in più di dodici Paesi. Nel libro sono contenute dure prese di posizione contro l’eutanasia, l’aborto e l’ingegneria genetica sugli embrioni, la netta condanna del Sessantotto e delle ideologie che ha portato con sé. Nel 2008 esce il romanzo Luisito. Una storia d’amore.

Nel 2011 pubblica un nuovo romanzo, Per sempre, una storia d’amore che vede protagonista un uomo sposato con una donna straordinaria. A gennaio del 2013 esce Ogni angelo è tremendo, pubblicato da Bompiani. Si tratta nel contempo di un’autobiografia e di un romanzo di formazione: infatti, nella protagonista (una bambina che affronta le vicissitudini di un’infanzia difficile che non tarda a passare), non è difficile riconoscere la stessa Tamaro. Nel marzo del 2013, Susanna Tamaro raccoglie per VandA Editore la sfida di “incrociare gli occhi dell’Agnello”, di quel Gesù che è stato “re senza eserciti e senza esecuzioni” e pubblica (ma solo in formato e-book) “Via Crucis. Meditazioni e preghiere”, dove l’autrice affianca a ogni passo, a ogni singola tappa, una meditazione e un’orazione.

Nell’aprile del 2013, nel corso di un incontro a cui prendono parte centinaia di ammiratori, la scrittrice riceve il Dante d’oro, il premio istituito dall’A.L. “Bocconi d’Inchiostro”, il salotto letterario degli studenti della Bocconi. Il riconoscimento è motivato dal prestigio dell’opera omnia, che ha appassionato milioni di lettori in decine di lingue, grazie ad una produzione di oltre venti lavori.

Il 10 gennaio 2014 riceve il San Giusto d’oro che dedica a suo padre. La scrittrice confida in merito:” Il San Giusto d’oro non è una lotteria. Non stai lì a concorrere con un libro solo, sperando che la giuria scelga te. No, è un riconoscimento alla carriera, all’opera intera. E riceverlo proprio nella mia città mi dà una grande gioia. Nella mia vita non ho ricevuto molti premi.”

ine" id="Posizioni_politiche.2C_religiose_e_sociali">Posizioni politiche, religiose e sociali

Pur avendo ricevuto all’inizio dei riconoscimenti per il suo ruolo culturale da parte degli ambienti della sinistra, Susanna Tamaro è divenuta poi oggetto di numerose accuse politiche per via di presunte posizioni anti-comuniste che emergerebbero in Va’ dove ti porta il cuore e in Anima Mundi, accuse denunciate dall’editore Alessandro Dalai come una vera e propria campagna di denigrazione[8].

In vista delle elezioni politiche del 2008, Tamaro è stata contattata da Giuliano Ferrara affinché si candidasse in Umbria e in Friuli nella sua lista antiabortista “Aborto? No grazie”. Susanna Tamaro, pur apprezzando e sostenendo le battaglie di Ferrara, ha rifiutato la proposta di entrare in politica.

Vicinissima al mondo cattolico, ha supportato diverse campagne della Chiesa, come l’astensione al referendum sulla procreazione assistita del 2005 o ilFamily Day” del 2007. Per questo motivo è stata accusata più volte di incoerenza per la sua presunta omosessualità. La Tamaro ha però più volte smentito tali voci. Ha sempre dichiarato di non essersi mai sentita portata per una vita di coppia e per la maternità.[9][10][11][12].

Ha espresso posizioni animaliste, definendo l’industria alimentare della carne come «il grande crimine di questi tempi».[13] La scrittrice è infatti una convinta vegetariana.

È particolarmente sensibile, inoltre, alle tematiche ambientali (è iscritta a varie associazioni di tutela)[14] ed è naturalista con interessi di botanica ed entomologia.[15]

ine" id="Premi_e_riconoscimenti">Premi e riconoscimenti

ine" id="Onorificenze">Onorificenze

Medaglia d'Oro ai Benemeriti della Cultura e dell'Arte - nastrino per uniforme ordinaria Medaglia d’Oro ai Benemeriti della Cultura e dell’Arte
— Roma, 2 aprile 2003

ine" id="Opere">Opere

  • La testa fra le nuvole, Venezia, Marsilio, 1989.
  • Per voce sola, Venezia, Marsilio, 1991.
  • Cuore di ciccia, Milano, Mondadori, 1992.
  • Il cerchio magico, Milano, Mondadori, 1994.
  • Va’ dove ti porta il cuore, Roma, Baldini & Castoldi, 1994.
  • Chissene.., Viterbo, Stampa alternativa, 1994.
  • Papirofobia, Milano, Mursia, 1994.
  • Anima Mundi, Milano, Rizzoli 1997.
  • Cara Mathilda. Non vedo l’ora che l’uomo cammini, Cinisello Balsamo, San Paolo, 1997.
  • Il respiro quieto. Conversazione con Susanna Tamaro, Roma, Baldini & Castoldi, 1997.
  • Tobia e l’angelo, Milano, Rizzoli, 1998.
  • Verso casa, Milano, Rizzoli, 1999.
  • Rispondimi, Milano, Rizzoli, 2001.
  • Più fuoco più vento, Milano, Rizzoli, 2002.
  • Il Castello dei sogni. Storie che parlano al cuore, (Raccolta Opere), Milano, Mondadori, 2002.
  • Fuori, Milano, Rizzoli, 2003.
  • Ogni parola è un seme, Milano, Rizzoli 2005.
  • Ascolta la mia voce, Milano, Rizzoli 2006.
  • Baita dei pini, Corriere della Sera, Corti di carta, Racconto, 2007.
  • Luisito. Una storia d’amore, Milano, Rizzoli, 2008.
  • Il grande albero, Milano, Salani, 2009.
  • Per sempre, Giunti Editore, 2011.
  • L’ isola che c’è. Il nostro tempo, l’Italia, i nostri figli, Torino, Lindau, 2011.
  • Ogni angelo è tremendo, Bompiani, 2013.
  • Via Crucis. Meditazioni e preghiere, VandA, 2013. (E-book)
  • Illmitz, Bompiani, 2014

ine" id="Filmografia">Filmografia

ine" id="Note">Note

  1. ^ Ha faticato a trovare la sua strada…. URL consultato il 12 agosto 2012.
  2. ^ a b Articolo del Corriere della Sera, 27 aprile 2011.
  3. ^ a b Articolo della Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno, 23 luglio 2012.
  4. ^ Daniela Coli, Da Saviano a Piperno, vi spieghiamo perché in Italia la letteratura è morta, articolo su L’Occidentale, 26 marzo 2010.
  5. ^ Nel respiro più grande su URL consultato il 5 marzo 2012.
  6. ^ da La Repubblica Trovato morto il padre di Susanna Tamaro, 25 settembre 1998. URL consultato il 20 novembre 2010.
  7. ^ An index of Italian Disney stories: Topolino 2201-2300
  8. ^ dal Corriere della Sera, Susanna? Regalata dall’Ulivo alla destra, 23 maggio 1997.
  9. ^ «Ho un’amicizia d’amore con una donna» – Corriere della Sera
  10. ^ Susanna Tamaro su gay, lesbiche e Chiesa – Giornalettismo
  11. ^ La Tamaro: «Magari fossi omosessuale» –
  12. ^ Susanna Tamaro vive con una donna, ma non fa sesso
  13. ^ Intervento tenuto da Susanna Tamaro alla Giornata per la Coscienza degli Animali del 13 maggio 2010
  14. ^ Sito internet ufficiale
  15. ^ Intervista a Fabio Fazio in Che tempo che fa del 27 gennaio 2013

ine" id="Bibliografia">Bibliografia

  • Davide Torrecchia, Cuore di nuvola. Susanna Tamaro e «Luisito». Dalla cronaca alla fiaba, il rigore della semplicità in una scrittura da sempre nel fuoco della controversia, «Caffè Michelangiolo», Firenze, Pagliai Polistampa-Accademia degli Incamminati, a. XIII, n. 2, maggio-agosto 2008, pp. 28-34.
  • Idem, Una fiaba lunga tre secoli. «Il grande albero» di Susanna Tamaro, «LG Argomenti», Genova, Erga Edizioni, a. XLVI, n. 2, aprile-giugno 2010, pp. 61-63.

ine" id="Altri_progetti">Altri progetti

ine" id="Collegamenti_esterni">Collegamenti esterni

Controllo di autorità VIAF: 2541571 LCCN: n94084206

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Susanna Tamaro, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Trinidad & Tobago’s Minister of Sport Resigns Under Duress

Trinidad and Tobago's Minister of Sport has been forced to resign following public dissatisfaction surrounding the corrupt LifeSport programme, in which millions of dollars were allegedly funneled out to fund criminal activities and contractors were reportedly paid huge sums of money without actually doing any work.

Wired868 republishes the full text of his resignation letter to the Prime Minister and her response, noting that the former minister was careful to “[admit] no wrongdoing”.

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Should the Caribbean ‘Free Up the Herb’? This Attorney Thinks So

"Ganja at Bob Marley's House", photo by Patrick Talbert, used under a CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 license.

“Ganja at Bob Marley's House”, photo by Patrick Talbert, used under a CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 license.

The Caribbean is in the midst of a debate as to whether or not marijuana should be legalised.

This past May, when a video emerged allegedly showing Trinidad and Tobago's then minister of sport rolling a joint, discussion was rife as to whether he should be fired from his post. At the time, many social media users seemed to be more inclined to have him fired over his performance than the possibility of his being in possession of ganja. As it turns out, the minister resigned yesterday following public pressure over a corruption scandal.

At the other end of the Caribbean archipelago, the Jamaican government is seeking to decriminalise personal possession of up to 2 ounces of the substance by September — a move that garnered support from the country's Drug Abuse Council.

At the blog Groundation Grenada, attorney and activist Richie Maitland makes a case for decriminalisation of the herb by citing other countries that have made the decision to legalise its use. Grenada is not inclined to be among them because the government maintains that drug-related illnesses are a burden to taxpayers. Maitland's post challenges this argument (illustrated in his graph below) by examining hospital statistics — and he finds that alcohol-related problems far outweigh those involving marijuana.

Graphic showing the difference between alcohol and marijuana-related hospital cases, created by Richie Maitland

Graphic showing the difference between alcohol and marijuana-related hospital cases in Grenada, created by Richie Maitland.

Much of the difference lies in public perception: alcohol is legal, marijuana is not. The post also dissects the argument that decriminalistion would be in breach of certain international treaties that the country adheres to:

You know what other international obligation Grenada has? An obligation to respect and affirm the equality of LGBTI people [...] Governments hide behind international obligations as pretexts when they want to avoid inconvenient action while disregarding other obligations with impunity. Emphasizing international obligations is therefore a weak argument against decriminalisation.

But to address the substance rather than the hypocrisy of the argument, this issue has actually been determined by Caribbean international law expert – Professor Stephen Vascianne [...] from Jamaica. Grenada and most of the rest of the Caribbean share the same drug prohibition international obligations as Jamaica. Vascianne concluded in a 2001 paper [...] that it was possible to decriminalise personal ganja use in Jamaica without being in breach of international obligations, once cultivation and distribution of ganja remained illegal.

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On-the-Record Conference Call on the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit


Via Telephone

**Please see below for a clarification marked with an asterisk.

July 31, 2014, 6:09 P.M. EDT

MS. MEEHAN:  Hi, everybody.  This is Bernadette at the National Security Council.  Thanks for joining us today for this press call on the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit taking place next week.  We have with us today three senior administration officials who I’ll introduce in just a moment.  I do want to announce a change to the ground rules for this call.  It was advertised as background, but we will conduct this call on the record.  So you should feel free to quote each of the administration officials by name.  And again, this will be on the record.

Our three senior administration officials are:  Ben Rhodes, the Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Communications; Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Linda Thomas-Greenfield; and Senior Director for Development and Democracy at the National Security Council Gayle Smith. 

And with that, I will turn it over to Ben Rhodes.

MR. RHODES:  Great.  Thanks, everybody, for getting on the call.  I'll just give an overview of the summit and the schedule for the summit, and then Linda and Gayle can make some additional comments.  And then we'll take of your questions.

First of all, the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit is truly an historic opportunity for the United States to strengthen our ties with the African continent and to underscore America’s commitment to investing in Africa’s development and future peace, prosperity and security.

This is by far the largest engagement by any American President with Africa.  It will include nearly 50 African leaders, as well as the participation of a range of U.S. and African civil society and business leaders, young African leaders, and members of Congress. 

We've just concluded a very successful three days with 500 Mandela Washington Fellows from our Young African Leaders Initiative.  The President, the First Lady, Susan Rice and other senior officials, including Secretary Kerry, were able to engage with those young leaders and also to hear their views about what the agenda is for the United States and Africa. 

We chose to do this summit to send a very clear signal that we are elevating our engagement with Africa.  We see enormous opportunities in Africa as it continues to advance its own economic development and continues to develop its capabilities as African countries continue to develop their capabilities as security partners of the United States and as democratic partners of the United States.

The theme of the summit is “Investing in the Next Generation.”  And I think that's a symbol of the forward-looking and future-oriented nature of our engagement with Africa.

One of the things that we thought about as we prepared the summit is what does the United States uniquely bring to the table in its partnership with African countries.  Other nations hold summits with African leaders.  We very much wanted this summit to be focused on the distinct and unique attributes of the U.S.-African partnership.  And what we believe is unique about the American contribution is our focus on African capacity-building and integrating Africa into the global economy and security order. 

What the United States has done in all of our signature development programs — on food and power and health –- is not just provide assistance to Africa but build African capacity so that public health sectors are empowered to meet challenges on the continent; so that through our Power Africa initiative we are bringing electricity to the continent in a way that will foster development and integration with the global economy; and through our food security initiative we are building the capacity of the agricultural sector within Africa to feed populations and also to foster economic growth.

Now, these initiatives are making substantial progress.  Power Africa aims to double access to electricity on the continent.  Our food security efforts are combating famine and promoting sustainable agriculture.  Our global AIDS efforts are dramatically reducing –- or our global health efforts, I should say, are dramatically reducing deaths from preventable diseases and have enabled the promise of an AIDS-free generation.

We also are very focused on trade and investment.  And the summit will include a U.S.-Africa Business Forum that is dedicated to that purpose.  This is an important interest to the United States.  Africa has six of the 10 fastest-growing economies in the world, and insofar as we can promote trade and investment, that is going to create new markets for our goods; that’s going to create win-win outcomes that advance prosperity in both the United States and Africa, and ultimately create jobs in both the United States and Africa.  So this is about seizing the opportunity of African growth and development in our mutual interests.

At the same time, there remains a significant amount of security challenges on the continent, and so we'll be talking about how we can work to build African capacity to counter transnational threats like terrorism, but also to support African peace and security operations in different parts of the continent.  And of course, we're committed to supporting strong democratic institutions in Africa as well as the next generation of African leaders.  And so we'll be able to discuss efforts to promote open and accountable governance and respect for human rights in Africa, which, of course, continue to be an abiding interest for the United States.

So with that, let me go through the schedule and make a few comments on why we structured the summit as we have.

First of all, tomorrow, there will be an event called Faith Works that will honor the contributions of the faith community to the U.S.-African relationship.  As many of you know, many different religious and non-governmental organizations support development on the African continent, and tomorrow USAID will play a lead role in convening many of those faith leaders to not just pay tribute to their work, but to draw from that experience as we roll into the summit next week.

Then, on Monday, there’s a series of events that get at different aspects of our agenda with Africa.  There’s a Civil Society Forum at the National Academy of Sciences on Monday morning, where we’ll discuss our efforts to support civil society in Africa — both the very positive role that civil society plays in consolidating democratic progress, but also efforts to combat closing space for civil society in certain parts of the continent as well.

Then there will be an all-day African Growth and Opportunity Act Forum hosted at the World Bank.  AGOA has been a critical piece of our trade relationship with Africa for the last decade.  It is up for reauthorization next year.  The President has made very clear that we’re committed to renewal of AGOA.  We want to do what we can to work with Congress and with African countries to build on the progress of the last several years, but also to improve AGOA.  And so this will be an all-day opportunity for trade ministers to discuss our priorities as we work toward the reauthorization of AGOA going forward.

Then there will be several events focused on different parts of our agenda, including investing in women and peace — investing in women for peace and prosperity, given our focus on supporting gender equality in Africa, and the fundamental notion that the President spoke about to the Young African Leaders that the empowerment of women is good for all of our priorities on Africa. 

There will be an event on investing in health.  And the global health program that we have continues to be our largest development program in Africa.  That builds not just on the success of PEPFAR, but on what we’ve done to combat preventable deaths and to reduce instances of diseases like malaria that are preventable, but also to build the capacity of African public health sectors.

There will be an event on resilience and food security in a changing climate.  And we have done a significant amount under this administration to ensure that as we pursue development programs we are factoring in climate resilience.  And a key part of our international climate agenda is supporting developing countries as they aim to skip the dirtier phases of development so that the world can meet ambitious emissions reductions targets.

There will be an event on combatting wildlife trafficking.  And the administration recently released a landmark strategy on working with Africans to combat the scourge of wildlife trafficking, which denies a critical natural resource of the world but also a critical tourism resource within Africa.

Then, there will also be a congressional reception for the African leaders on Monday evening.  Congress has played an enormous role on a bipartisan basis in supporting Africa policy.  It is important to note that in an environment in Washington where there’s not a lot of bipartisan agreement, Africa has been a true exception.  When you look at programs like PEPFAR, when you look at bipartisan support for Power Africa through the Electrify Africa bills that are making their way through Congress, and when you just look broadly at the support on the Hill for peacekeeping operations and development initiatives, we want to make sure members of Congress are fully integrated into the summit, and the reception will be an important part of that.

Then, Tuesday is the U.S.-Africa Business Forum that Bloomberg Bloomberg Philanthropies* is co-hosting with the Department of Commerce.  And throughout the day there will be several panel discussions.  One is focused on expanding opportunities for business to invest in Africa.  Another on opening markets, so that we can help finance the Africa of tomorrow.  Another on Power Africa and leading developments in infrastructure.  And then one on shaping the future of a fast-growing continent.

Just to step back here, part of what the United States brings to the table in Africa is not simply our governmental resources, but the huge demand in Africa for trade and investment and partnership with American businesses.  And that leads to commercial deals that have a specific benefit both for the United States and for the African countries that are partners in those fields, but also to the broader trade and investment environment that we’re seeking to foster so that African growth creates broader prosperity on the continent but also new markets for U.S. businesses.

President Obama will then close the U.S.-Africa Business Forum by making remarks and then answering some questions about our agenda as it relates to trade and investment. 

Then, that night, Tuesday night, the President and Mrs. Obama will host here at the White House a dinner with all of the African leaders to pay tribute to this historic event.

On Wednesday, the summit sessions themselves will take place at the State Department.  The first session is on investing in Africa’s future.  The second session is on peace and regional stability.  And then the third session is on governing for the next generation. 

And these three different sessions will allow us to build on the discussions of the previous two days to focus on issues like how we’re supporting development on areas like food, health and power that have been priorities for us, but also the continued growth and economic development of Africa; on regional peace and security, what we’re doing as a partner to facilitate African solutions to peacekeeping challenging; what we’re doing to consolidate democratic progress in Africa and strengthen democratic institutions around issues like the rule of law; and, of course, what we’re doing to support the next generation of African leaders — something that is so demonstrated by our Young African Leaders Initiative.

The President will then, at the conclusion of the summit, have a press conference.  I’d also note that the First Lady will be hosting a spousal program along with Laura Bush, on Wednesday, where she’ll focus on a number of issues, including her commitment to girls’ education and the empowerment of women in Africa.

So we’re very excited about this opportunity.  We believe it can be a game-changer in the U.S.-Africa relationship, that it will advance our work on all the areas that the U.S. is focused on, from the food, power and health development agenda; to the trade and investment partnerships we’re building; to the peace and security initiatives that we have across the continent; to the strengthening and consolidation of democratic progress.

We engage Africa and African countries as equals, and that’s the spirit in which the President will receive the leaders.

With that, Linda, why don’t you provide some perspective from State, and then Gayle can close us out before questions.

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  Okay.  I’ll be brief.  But what I’d like to talk about is the engagement that we’ve had with African governments on putting together this fantastic agenda.  We started engaging about eight months ago, working with ambassadors here in Washington as well as going out through our ambassadors to various posts to confer with governments about the agenda.  Also, in all of our official travel to the continent, we talked about those areas that countries were interested in seeing on the agenda. 

Gayle Smith, Grant Harris and I were in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea in late June and we met with a record 30 African delegations where, again, we went through the agenda for the summit, heard from them additional ideas that they wanted us to take into account in the agenda.  And I can tell you that everyone was excited.  They were — the response was enthusiastic.  And I think that we have come up with an agenda that is going to provide for a very productive meeting.

I also want to note — Ben didn’t mention that we have about 80 unofficial side events that have developed as a result of the summit.  The summit has really galvanized the African community around Washington.  And the NGO community, the local universities, think tanks, business organizations have all put together an interesting set of side meetings that I think will keep everyone in Washington busy for the entire week — that the heads of state and other members of the delegation will be during the time they will be here in Washington.

So I will end there and turn it over to Gayle.

MS. SMITH:  Hi, everybody.  And I’ll be brief, I’ll just add a couple of things.  I think a few things that are unique about this summit have to do with both the style and the frame.  Ben laid out the sequence of events.  The YALI Summit has been this week; we have the faith event tomorrow.  Civil Society Forum, AGOA Ministerial, Business Forum and Conference — all these things will flow into the actual discussion on Wednesday, and we think set up a conversation that will be quite unique, including because the frame of this is about the next generation.  So rather than an exclusive focus on the challenges or opportunities of today, the questions on the table in each of these three sessions are what do we need to be thinking about and doing now so that we are at a place in 10 or 15 years where the gains we’ve seen in Africa are consolidated, where the growth we are seeing is inclusive, and where some of the ongoing challenges are more systematically and strategically addressed.

It will also be informal.  There are an awful lot of summits that are comprised by a huge number of speeches and a great deal of formality.  This summit will be one where there will be an active exchange of views, and this is something — again, it’s not the usual case.  I think the Assistant Secretary described our consultation process.  We have had a lot of positive feedback from leaders directly that they are looking forward to being able to have the opportunity to talk with the President and each other in a way that it is less rather than more formal.

We’re focused on outcomes that are tangible.  In other words, this is not the culmination of anything.  This is a very big step in the long evolution of our Africa policy, but we do intend and will be coming out of this summit with some tangible outcomes that we’re going to want to move forward on together.

If I can just flag a few things that I think may be of interest to many of you covering this that stand out I think in ways consistent with the kind of broad principles that Ben laid out.  On the Monday when there will be a great focus on development, the changes we have seen in Africa on development are quite phenomenal — a real shift from a dependence on assistance to the investment of their own dollars.  Some of the greatest gains we’ve seen on the planet in HIV and AIDS, maternal and child health, agricultural development are in Africa. 

Food security, which Ben mentioned — President Obama called for a worldwide food security initiative in February of 2009, very shortly after coming into office, at a time when worldwide investments in agricultural development were down very, very, very sharply and where the world was spending much more on relief than agricultural development.  We were able to build those initiatives to Feed the Future and the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition based on what Africa has done. 

African leaders agreed some years ago to increase their investments in agriculture, that every country should have a plan.  They have since, in the last couple of months, committed themselves to tripling agricultural trade, further reducing hunger.  This is an area where we have been hugely successful but in large measure because we’ve got a huge number of leaders putting skin in the game.

We’ve also seen that with Power Africa, which launched only a year ago, which has gotten enormous traction.  We will have some things to say about how far that has come and where it is going.  So those are just a couple of things on the Monday. 

On the Tuesday at the business forum, I think by virtue of the fact of who is in attendance, what kinds of things will be announced, and the general buzz around it, I think there is now a solid recognition that what we are talking about is a very fast-growing and dynamic emerging market where we have mutual interests in increasing U.S. investment.  There will also be significantly there a number of prominent African CEOs.  Among the business leaders in attendance, we will have a huge diversity of companies from very large and well-known companies to a lot of smaller companies.  And, again, both American and international, but also significantly African corporate leaders.

So I think — I would say we’ll leave it at that, Ben, and turn it back to you.  We’ve spoken a lot and maybe take your questions.

MR. RHODES:  Yes, happy to take questions.

Q    Hi there, thanks so much for doing this call.  I wanted to begin by asking you about the competition for U.S. investment in Africa.  There is a lot of it.  As you mentioned, because there is this recognition that it’s such a (inaudible) emerging market — competition from China, Malaysia, Turkey and Europe.  And Ambassador Rice said this week that the engagement with the U.S. is different because the U.S. doesn’t see the continent as a place to extract resources but a place of boundless opportunities.  What I hear from African leaders and people who work in Africa is that they already know that.  And I would ask you what message will you deliver to show that the U.S. approach to Africa has truly turned a corner, that you do value them as this equal partner, and how are you showing that during a summit without using bilateral meetings?

MR. RHODES:  Thanks, Jessica.  Let me just say a couple things.  First of all, with respect to China, President Obama has made clear that we welcome other nations being invested in Africa, and, frankly, China can play a constructive role in areas like developing African infrastructure.  At the same time, we do believe we bring something unique to the table.  We are less focused on resources from Africa and more focused on deepening trade and investment relationships.  And I think the way in which that will be demonstrated at the summit is if you look at the nature of our engagement — first of all, we are engaged across the U.S. government so that it is not simply the State Department, but the Commerce Department, the United States Trade Representative, OPEC and Ex-Im — all have very deep ties in Africa. 

All of those principals have made recent trips to Africa or had recent meetings with African leaders to discuss what the United States can do to increase our trade and investment footprint on the continent.  Our businesses will be represented at the U.S.-Africa Business Forum — are pursuing a much broader engagement on the continent.  And they are seeking to deepen their own investments in Africa in ways that will I think create a broader prosperity on the continent, because they are putting resources into African economies in ways that support development and job creation in Africa, but also create new markets for American goods.  And so there will be specific commercial deals that can be discussed, but also the broader climate around trade and investment.

And then there are some very specific things that we're focused on.  AGOA is one — as we seek a renewal of AGOA heading into next year.  But also, we've sought to support the greater integration of trade within Africa.  And it happens to be the case that in some cases it's easier for African countries to export beyond Africa’s shores than to trade with their neighbors because of how their economies were set up.  And so we've worked, for instance, with the East African community to facilitate greater trade across borders in East Africa so that you're looking at issues like customs and you're looking at ways for different countries to integrate their trade practices. 

That will be good for them because they can create more integrated economic arrangements, but it will also be good for us because that will then make it easier for us to harmonize our trade and investment across different parts of the African continent.

So when you look at this agenda, it's really about how do we use the remarkable growth in parts of Africa to go to the next level, so that investment is flowing into Africa, jobs are being created, new markets are being grown, there’s integration on the continent, and there’s deeper trade with the United States.  And again, we, uniquely as a country in the global economy, bring all those different assets to bear — not just dollars, but business partnership, trade expertise, and an interconnection to the global economy.

I don't know, Gayle, if you want to add anything to that.

MS. SMITH:  I think just one example I would point to is Power Africa, because one of the challenges in Africa that we found in the energy sector and that our partners have talked to us about is you’ve got a huge number of potential projects, you’ve got a lot of capital that is looking for a place to invest, and how do you bring those two things together. 

Through Power Africa, what we have been able to do is provide a menu of things that can render those projects bankable.  So we're working with governments to improve their regulatory environment, or provide risk insurance to companies that want to go in but there is still a high perception of risk.

So at the same time, we are bringing capital to investments in power and energy, including U.S. capital, but we're also building the capacity of these countries to grow economies that are sustainable and deliver.  And I think that's one of the big shifts.  We're interested in the investment, but we're also interested in building the capacity, even as we move more closely into this emerging market.

Q    Do you have a count now on how many countries will be participating in the official events?  And for those countries whose Presidents cannot attend, what level of representation is allowed, I guess is the question –- vice president, ministerial — for the dinner and for the Wednesday session, Presidents at the State Department?

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  All 50 of the delegations that were invited are attending, not all at the level of the Presidents.  Those in which Presidents are unable to attend for various reasons have designated either Vice Presidents or Prime Ministers, and in a few cases foreign ministers have accepted on their behalf and they will be allowed to participate in the summit deliberations.

MR. RHODES:  And I'd just add we also included the African Union.  And the way in which we approach the summit is to view Africa in the way in which Africa views itself in terms of its political organization.  In other words, we didn’t simply do a Sub-Saharan African summit.  We invited all of Africa, with the exception of certain countries that are either not in good standing with the AU or are of particular concern to the United States, such as Zimbabwe and Sudan. 

Q    Hi, I just want to ask this question specifically to the National Security Advisor.  I heard you guys talk about peace and security, and then I also heard you guys talk about security within the African continent.  Now, we have seen the development of al Qaeda in the Maghreb, and also the Tuareg rebels in Mali, and also the activities of Boko Haram in Nigeria.  And mostly, these are terrorist groups that are working with networks like al Qaeda, and they are expanding and causing conflict in areas like Kenya, and al-Shabaab.  Now, I want to ask, specifically when President Obama meets with these African leaders, part of the agenda — are you guys going to discuss new counterterrorism policies that would involve African countries networking and partnering with the United States? 

Because already small countries like The Gambia have been — I mean, in the international community, countries like Senegal have (inaudible) The Gambia when it comes to arms dealing with Iran and also — and unrest in the sub-region.  So would this be part of the agenda of this (inaudible) peace and security not just in Africa but also the security ofthe national security of the United States?  I would like to ask your senior government officials about that. 

MR. RHODES:  Sure.  I’ll say a couple of things and see if my colleagues want to add to that.  First of all, we are very focused on the threat of terrorism in Africa.  We see it as particularly acute in the areas that you mentioned — North Africa, Somalia with al-Shabaab, and of course Boko Haram in Nigeria.  Those aren’t the only areas, but those have been particular areas of focus.

When the President at West Point announced a new focus on building a network of counterterrorism partners, he was very specific to say that this would come from South Asia to the Sahel.  And we have pursued a $5 billion Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund, for instance, to support those efforts.  And that includes, for instance, what the United States is doing to facilitate the French-led effort in Mali to push back against extremists who have sought to control portions of Mali.  It certainly speaks to our cooperation with countries like Morocco and Algeria and other North African partners who share our counterterrorism challenge.  And it very much speaks to the threat of al-Shabaab.  And the President lifted that up as an example where we’ve had cooperation where the United States brings resources to bear to support AMISOM — has aimed to push back against al-Shabaab within Somalia, and to support the development of a government there.  And we’ve had some — but at the same time, the United States also, frankly, does pursue its own counterterrorism operations as necessary to support that AMISOM-led effort and to push back against al-Shabaab. 

That’s the type of example that we want to build on, where you have regional partners bringing these resources to bear, with the support of the United States that can provide intelligence, it can provide certain unique capabilities that we can bring to bear, and it can also provide a political context where we’re not just dealing with the threat, but we’re also seeking to develop democratic institutions and development that can serve as a counterweight to terrorism — that that’s our long-term approach in a place like Somalia.  And we certainly would want to work with countries like Kenya and Uganda to support counterterrorism efforts in the neighborhood.

So I think this context will be a part of the peace and security discussion, just as we’ll also be discussing the issues related to peacekeeping and some of the challenges that you see in places like the Central African Republic.

I’d just note — because you mentioned Nigeria — there are — we have been looking at ways that we can increase our cooperation with Nigeria.  We have a team on the ground there that is supporting their efforts against Boko Haram and seeking to find the girls that were kidnapped earlier this year. 

 But I don’t know if, Linda or Gayle, do you have anything you’d want to add to that?

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  I would just add that this was an issue that was brought to our attention by African leaders almost to a number that they are equally concerned about the rise in terrorism across the continent, that they see a nexus between activities in different regions, and that they want to build their capacity to respond, they want to be able to share information and cooperate with each other to address those issues.  So we will spend quite a bit of time discussing those issues and looking at how we move together in the future to address terrorism.

MS. SMITH:  I’d just add one small thing to this in terms of some of what we’ve heard from the leaders in consultation.  Terrorism obviously a big concern to them, but also a host of other transnational threats.  And many of these come down to the same vulnerabilities in terms of security, borders, information, so on and so forth.

So, in addition, the drug trade, trafficking, so on and so forth, are also on their minds.  I think the only thing I would add in terms of how we might approach it is how do we think about this, again, systematically, strategically, and in a sustainable way, so we get back to that core issue of building their capacity and supporting their efforts to address these challenges on the ground.

Q    Hi, this is Marilyn Geewax.  I’m just wondering — the big news, of course, this week has been about Ebola and Africa.  And I just wondered if it will have any impact in any way that is — maybe some Presidents won’t be able to come or flights have some troubles getting in.  Is there any impact at all from this story about Ebola?

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  You want to take that, Gayle?

MS. SMITH:  Let me take a first cut, Linda, and turn to you.  Obviously, this has been a great concern.  We have been engaged with and in the region in working on this issue since March, when the first cases appeared.  Obviously, there has been a decline in a couple of countries so that there’s greater attention on it.  We are closely engaged with the leaders and the governments of the three countries most affected.  The Assistant Secretary may want to say more on that.

We’re doing several things.  One is ramping up our efforts to support a regional effort to deal with this outbreak and support, again, three governments who are doing a lot of things to contend with a real threat.  Mind you, these are countries that have emerged — particularly Sierra Leone and Liberia — from years of war.  And so this is an uphill challenge for them.  We’re also taking the necessary steps domestically to protect the American people.  We have no plans to change the agenda of the summit, but we will obviously adapt as needed and in consultation with our partners, depending on their requirements.

And, Linda, let me turn to you if you’d like to add anything.

MS. SMITH:  Yes.  I would just add I’ve been in conversation with all three heads of state in the region over the past two days to, one, confirm to them that we want to support their efforts and to commend them for their leadership and offer our condolences for the deaths of their citizens, but at the same time, to find out from them what additional assistance we might provide.  We’ve provided a range of support and assistance to respond to the outbreak, we’ve provided personal protective equipment, essential supplies, public health messaging efforts, and a great deal of technical expertise.

You may have heard CDC today describing some of the activities that we are providing.  We did hear from both President Sirleaf and President Koroma that because of their involvement and engagement in the crisis in their countries, that they were reconsidering whether they should come to the summit.  And while we would be terribly disappointed not to have them here, we also understand the importance of them being in their countries and showing leadership at this critical time.

Q    Thank you very muchI just have two quick questions.  Number one, I wanted to directly put the issue of why (inaudible) President Obama will not be holding any one-on-one meetings with any of the leaders that are coming.  And then secondly, are we going to get a list of the numbers of the Presidents that will be coming to the meeting?  Thank you

MR. RHODES:  Sure, I can take that.  On your first question, given the fact that we have nearly 50 leaders coming, frankly, we just wouldn’t be able to do bilats with everybody, and so the simplest thing is for the President to devote his time to engaging broadly with all the leaders.  That way we’re not singling out individuals at the expense of the other leaders.  So that way the President can commit his time to broad engagement.

I will say that the President will have a chance to interact individually with each leader.  That’s part of the purpose of having the dinner where he’ll be able to personally receive each leader attending the dinner.  And so he will certainly speak with and interact with every leader who is coming here to the summit.  And I think that speaks to his commitment to engage Africa.

Keep in mind, too, that no U.S. President has ever done a summit like this with every African leader.  I think that speaks to the deep respect he has for engaging Africa as an equal partner.  Of course, he had the opportunity to meet bilaterally, for instance, with President Jonathan in the past.  He will certainly be able to have bilateral meetings in the future with a range of important African leaders, including the President of Nigeria.

On your second question, we will certainly — as we get the list finalized in terms of African attendees — that is the type of thing that will be available.  We can’t provide it now.  As Linda noted, of course, for instance, there have been changes in two of the countries affected by the Ebola virus, but as we get the list finalized we will be able to make that available for people.

Q    Thank you for doing the call.  Let me try again as a variation of a previous question.  Weren’t you disappointed, though, because a lot of leaders from North Africa decided to send lower representation to the summit?  And how do you respond to many of them that they sort of insinuate that the focus, the U.S. focus is on the Sub-Saharan countries rather than North Africa?

MR. RHODES:  Well, I’d say a couple things.  First of all, we made a conscious choice to integrate North Africa into the summit and not simply view it as an opportunity to engage Sub-Saharan Africa.  We wanted to engage the entire continent.  That — the African Union approach.  And, of course, we’re including the African Union in the summit as well, which sends I think an important signal about the importance that we place on our relationship with the African Union as a key international and regional organization.

With respect to the North African countries, we, frankly, have an opportunity to engage on a bilateral basis very regularly with a number of those countries.  So, for instance, if you look at a country like Egypt, there is no shortage of U.S. time and attention and resources that are devoted to the U.S.-Egyptian relationship.  Secretary Kerry, of course, was just in Egypt for several days.  So we’re confident that we are able to work very closely across the board on the range of issues we have, for instance, with Egypt.  And if you look at Morocco, for instance, the President was able to welcome the King here just recently.  So we’ve had that head of state engagement.

I would actually, frankly, note that we’re very pleased to have the opportunity to receive a Libyan delegation.  In the context of the recent drawdown of our embassy operations, it’s important for us to find ways to be able to engage Libyan leaders and, in addition to our diplomats who are staying in the region in Malta, to continue to engage Libyan counterparts.  The summit will be a good opportunity for us to continue our support for efforts to bring about an end to some of the violence that we’ve seen in recent days in Libya and to find out ways that the international community can invest in institutions that can be more durable for the Libyan people going forward. 

So we’ll have that opportunity to engage those who attend from North Africa even as we have an agenda here that is very much focused on the continent and focused on our development initiatives and focused on our investments across all of Africa.  So, again, we have an agenda that is not limited in focus to some of the issues that the United States works on a very regular basis with North Africa, but we do see North Africa as a key part of our broader approach to the continent.

Q    On the issue of security, I was just wondering, since Africa, kind of a hotspot for more of a — continent — some parts of a continent is a hotspot for various persons who are trying to become a terrorist or breed terrorism, what countries on the continent are you looking to foster some kind of, what do you call it — I just forgot the word — what is it when you send the person back?  That you’re asking to send the terrorist back?  I just forgot — I just lost — but you know what I’m talking about.  When a criminal is extradited — I’m sorry, you’re trying to extradite the person.

MR. RHODES:  I see.  Well, thanks, April.  It’s always good to hear your voice, and we appreciate your focus on these African issues and certainly your engagement with the President on the recent trip he made to Africa. 

Look, we are concerned about efforts by terrorist groups to gain a foothold in Africa.  I think what we’ve seen is, in addition to groups like al-Shabaab that gain a foothold in a place like Somalia, we see international terrorist networks sometimes seek to take advantage of ungoverned spaces so that they can get a safe haven.  And so that’s what we saw in Mali where some extremist groups, including those affiliated with al Qaeda, took advantage of an ongoing conflict between the government and the Tuaregs to gain territory and hold it.

And what we’re doing is several things.  On the specific question you ask about are we concerned about people traveling to Africa, out focus there has been, for instance, on dissuading those in, for instance, the Somali-American community from being recruited from overseas by al-Shabaab.  And I have nothing but admiration for the extraordinary work that’s been done by the diaspora, including the Somali-American community, in rejecting some of the extremist propaganda that we see online and distributed in communities here.  And so we work to forge community-based solutions with the diaspora to prevent the young people from being corrupted and recruited from abroad by a group like al-Shabaab. 

So that’s one instance in which we are working not just to deal with the threat of terrorism in Africa, but to ensure that there’s not an effort to reach into the United States and our diaspora communities who are very much a part of the solution to these challenges.

On extradition, that has not been a — I wouldn’t term that as a focal point beyond the Gitmo piece.  So if that’s — to take that as a specific jumping-off point, we have transferred some detainees to North African countries, for instance. Algeria, for instance, recently received some detainees who had been cleared for transfer.  I believe there are other cases where — like Sudan, where individuals that served their time and have been released. 

When we transfer detainees from Gitmo to any country, we do a review to assure that our national security interests can be protected in the context of that transfer.  We consult with the government that is going to be receiving those individuals.  So that would certainly be the case in a situation like Algeria.

But that’s a very narrow part of our counterterrorism agenda.  The bigger part of our agenda is to work with African countries to build their counterterrorism capabilities, to find where the United States may have unique capacity not just to conduct counterterrorism operations, but to facilitate international and regional counterterrorism activities.  And so in France, with Mali, for instance, we can help facilitate French efforts with some of our intelligence and some of our logistical support.  We’ve similarly worked closely with AMISOM and Somalia to strengthen their capabilities.

But then we’re looking at how do we get at the broader issue of countering violent extremism in Africa so that these groups, like Boko Haram, like al-Shabaab, like al-Qaeda, are not able to prey on young people with disinformation and intimidation; that we’re getting information out with African partners that puts forward a better vision of the future.  And I think nothing puts that on greater display than the types of young leaders that we’ve been engaged with through our Young African Leaders Initiative, who frankly represent the much more (inaudible) future available to young people across Africa. 

So it’s a multi-dimensional approach, but it’s one that’s focused on building African capacity and supporting it with unique American capabilities.

I think we’ve got time for one more question.

Q    Hi there, thanks for briefing.  I’ve got two questions.  First one is on who is coming and who is not coming.  What is the actual diplomatic process by which certain heads of state don’t get invited or don’t show?  I’m thinking about Mugabe and al-Bashir.  And if some are excluded, how come Uhuru Kenyatta — the ICC and (inaudible) is coming?  Second question — internal African crises.  Are you expecting or hoping to see any kind of political process on some of the worst issues facing the continent?  I’m thinking South Sudan, CAR, Somalia, or Congo.  Thanks.

MR. RHODES:  So on your first question, we were guided by, in part, how the African Union approaches its relations with member states.  But then again, we also have individual countries that we have unique challenges with, too.  So just to take a few examples, the Central African Republic is currently suspended from the African Union, so that falls into the category of a country that we made a decision based on the determination of their current association with the African Union.  If you look at Sudan, given not just the ICC case, which is of course of deep concern, but the pattern of behavior out of President Bashir and the way in which the United States has approached those issues, including — well, including the ICC piece, we did not feel it appropriate to invite President Bashir.

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  And then I would just add to that the lack of cooperation with the ICC.

MR. RHODES:  Yes, absolutely.  And then Zimbabwe — President Mugabe, the specially designated national — he’s subject to U.S. sanctions given what he has done to undermine democratic processes and institutions in Zimbabwe.  And so given our grave concern and our sanctions, we did not see it appropriate to invite President Mugabe.

So these are individual leaders who are either not in good standing with the AU or are specifically designated for U.S. sanctions who would not be invited. 

Now, President Kenyatta, of course we’ve expressed some concerns around the ICC.  Kenya has a process by which they’re working to address those concerns, and we’ve been supportive of those efforts.  And we also have obviously a very deep and significant relationship with Kenya on not just security issues but on issues associated with trade and development.  And they have been a key regional partner, so they will be a part of these discussions. 

But Gayle or Linda may want to address both those questions.

MS. THOMAS-GREENFIELD:  I think you covered it all.

MS. SMITH:  And just the one thing I would add on your second question — yes, we think the summit will provide a number of opportunities to work on some of the cases of chronic conflict or some of the challenges on the continent.  We’ll be able to speak to some of those as the week unfolds next week, but certainly on issues like South Sudan, we seize every opportunity; we’ve got to try to move the ball forward.  We’ll be doing so next week as well.

MR. RHODES:  Let me just mention, just because you asked specifically, the five countries not invited — I mentioned CAR, Sudan, and Zimbabwe — or the five leaders not invited.  Eritrea was not invited.  The U.N. continues to sanction Eritrea for its efforts to destabilize Somalia, but also Eritrea has not accepted diplomatic relations with the United States, rejecting our offer of an ambassador.  Some people have also asked about Western Sahara; the United States and the U.N. do not recognize the Western Sahara as a country.  So CAR, Eritrea, Sudan, Zimbabwe, and then the unique case of Western Sahara — those are the — those leaders not attending.

Well, thanks, everybody, for getting on the call.  I think we’ll wrap it up there.  And we’ll be able to be in touch on these issues going forward.

MS. MEEHAN:  Thanks, everyone, and just a reminder that this call was on the record.  Thanks very much.

7:05 P.M. EDT

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