Report from India: Relicensing books under CC

Jellyfish Madness
Release of DVD containing Odia font, open source tools and Offline Odia Wikipedia
Ahemadullah Shaikh / CC BY-SA

This guest blog post was written by Subhashish Panigrahi of The Center for Internet and Society, a Creative Commons affiliate in India.

My name is Subhashish Panigrahi. I am an educator currently working in the community and communication front at The Centre for Internet and Society’s Access To Knowledge program (CIS-A2K), an India-based catalyst program to grow Indic language communities for Wikipedia and its sister projects. Prior to my work at CIS, I worked for the Wikimedia Foundation’s India Program, a predecessor to the current CIS-A2K project.

While building ties with higher education and research organizations, I also try to get educational and encyclopedic resources licensed under Creative Commons licenses so that communities can use them to enrich Wikimedia projects. Currently, there is a low level of content available across all the Indic languages and the need for Unicode-based content is extremely crucial.

While negotiating with authors for relicensing their books in Creative Commons license, I started identifying certain motivation areas for any author for such free content donation. Some of the authors, publishers, and copyright holders have started learning about open access to scholarly publications. However, the readers who are likely to buy a hard copy of a book are likely to buy it even when a free, virtual version is available – that’s the idea authors who are skeptical about CC licenses need to understand.

Open source book publishing in India has gained much interest and focus, primarily because of the lack of foresight of the possibilities that are tied to the release of books. It was Pratham Books that first came up with the brilliant idea of “One book book in every child’s hand.” The subsequent release of multilingual books under free licenses was the beginning of a new era in Indian publication.

Book publishers should also think of the target readers of print and web media. Releasing content in free licenses doesn’t affect the mainstream print publications. When it comes to books, there is always a scope for reprinting and making money. After negotiations with two authors and getting 13 books about children’s literature, travelogues, popular science, and linguistic and historical research, I am sure the publishing community has not been educated in the right way about providing free access to content.

It generally takes a long time and effort to negotiate with the copyright holders to get the books out with a CC-BY-SA tag. But it is a permanent and a significant value addition for the open knowledge movement. I believe with more online readers and reviewers getting complete access to books, authors gain more respect in the society and popularity which in turn helps them to sell more of the reprints. Two prime fears are keeping many publishers away from releasing their books online for free: the fear of going out of business and the fear of losing ownership of content. But at the same time, some of the publishers are becoming aware of the mass media outreach and winning hearts of many readers by releasing content for free without copyright restrictions.

Case studies:

1. Release of a four-volume encyclopedia in Konkani

In 2013, Goa University released Konkani Vishwakosh, a Konkani-language encyclopedia in CC-BY-SA 3.0 license that they had published. This is the largest encyclopedia compiled in the language. The book is being digitized on Konkani WikiSource and content from it is being used to enrich the Konkani version of Wikipedia. The project additionally brought about 20 active contributors for digitization.

2. Release of 11 Odia language books

11 books from Odia author and academic Dr. Jagannath Mohanty were re-released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license by the “Manik-Biswanath Smrutinyasa,” a trust founded by Dr. Mohanty for literary discussions and upbringing new writers. His wife and trust’s current chairman Allhadmohini Mohanty formally gave written permission to release and digitize these books. The Odia Wikimedia community is planning to involve undergraduate students of an indigenous educational institution, Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences, to digitize these books. The trust is also reaching out to publishers who published more than 150 of the author’s books to give permission for re-releasing them under a CC license.

3. Relicensing “Classical Odia” under a free license

The book is heavy and expensive for any normal reader. Enormous copies were sold after Odia was declared as the sixth Indian classical language; however, this did not stop the authors Dr. Debiprasanna Pattanayak and Subrat Prusty from changing the license term from All Rights Reserved to CC-BY-SA 3.0. 600-plus pages full of historical documents and manuscripts along with many undiscovered areas of Odia language’s literary heritage of more than 2500 years are now going to go on WikiSource and enrich Wikipedia articles apart from being great resource for language researchers.

4. Relicensing books and conversion of ISCII to Unicode font

Two Odia language books by linguist Subrat Prusty, “Jati, Jagruti O Pragati” and “Bhasa O Jatiyata,” have been relicensed. These are few of those thousand books in those the text are typed with fonts with ISCII standard and not Unicode. ISCII standard fonts have glyphs with Indic characters that are actually replacements of the Latin characters by Indic characters. So, a computer with one particular font not installed will display absurd characters. The publication and printing industries still use these fonts as the desktop publishing software package they use for typeset do not have Unicode engine to render the fonts properly. The conversion from these ISCII fonts to Unicode is a way that is going to be used for digitizaing these books to convert the entire book with searchable Unicode content.

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President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts

WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts:

  • General Larry R. Ellis, USA (Ret.) – Member, American Battle Monuments Commission
  • Howard Z. Borin – Member, Commission on Presidential Scholars
  • Grace Tsao-Wu – Member, Commission on Presidential Scholars

President Obama said, “These dedicated and accomplished individuals will be valued additions to my Administration as we tackle the important challenges facing America. I look forward to working with them in the months and years ahead.”

President Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts:

General Larry R. Ellis, USA (Ret.), Appointee for Member, American Battle Monuments Commission
General Larry R. Ellis, USA (Ret.) has been President and CEO of VetConnexx, LLC since 2013, a company that provides career opportunities for veterans based in Atlanta, Georgia.  He is also President and CEO of ESSE, LLC, a facilities management consulting company.  He was President and CEO of Point Blank Solutions, Inc. from 2005 to 2009.  General Ellis served in the Army from 1969 to 2004, and achieved the rank of Four Star General in 2001.  He served in numerous command and leadership positions in the United States, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, South Korea, and Vietnam.  He is a member of the University System of Georgia Board of Regents, the Morgan State University Board of Regents, and the Armed Forces Benefit Association.  His awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the Bronze Star Medal, and the NAACP National Service Award.  General Ellis attended the U.S. Army War College and received a B.S. from Morgan State University and an M.S. from Indiana University.

Dr. Howard Z. Borin, Appointee for Member, Commission on Presidential Scholars
Dr. Howard Z. Borin is a Board Certified Pediatrician.  He most recently worked as Physician in Charge at the Nemours Hospital for Children satellite office in Delaware from 2007 to 2012.  From 1997 to 2007, Dr. Borin was the Physician in Charge for the first outreach program for the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.  Prior to that, Dr. Borin ran his own pediatric practice from 1971 to 1997.  From 1970 to 1971, Dr. Borin was a Registrar at the Hospital for Sick Children of Great Ormond Street in London, England.  Dr. Borin completed his residency at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.  He was named among the Best Doctors in America by Best Doctors, Inc. from 2007 to 2012, and has been ranked numerous times as among the Top Doctors in Delaware by Delaware Today Magazine.  Dr. Borin received a B.A. and an M.D. from Indiana University. 

Grace Tsao-Wu, Appointee for Member, Commission on Presidential Scholars
Grace Tsao-Wu is currently a Partner at Laudi Vidni, a position she has held since 2009.  From 1994 to 2014, Ms. Tsao-Wu was the founder and owner of her own business, Tabula Tua.  She is on the board of One Million Degrees, an organization that empowers low-income, highly motivated community college students to succeed in school, work, and life.  She is also on the advisory board of the Chinese American Service League.  Prior to this, Ms. Tsao-Wu worked for Kraft Foods from 1990 to 1993 and Price Waterhouse from 1983 to 1988.  Ms. Tsao-Wu received a B.S. from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School. 

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Emergenza Gas a Teramo, la lista delle riattivazioni di queste sera e domani

Emergenza Gas a Teramo, la lista delle riattivazioni di queste sera e domani TERAMO - Riattivate 100 utenze nelle frazioni Collurania e Bivio Miano e domani, rende noto la Prefettura di Teramo, entro le 14 dovrebbero essere alimentate altre 5-7mila nei quartieri Gammarana, San Berardo, Villa Mosca, Villa Viola. E' il risultato dei primi interventi dei tecnici della 2iRete Gas dopo il guasto alla rete che ha lasciato senza metano 21mila utenze. Nel piazzale della Madonna delle Grazie, intanto, è arrivata la cucina mobile della Protezione civile: può fornire 750 pasti l'ora leggi tutto l'articolo

Cronaca Abruzzo: notizie, video, tg, approfondimenti Quest'opera di Abruzzo24ore è distribuita con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0 Internazionale

Statement by the President on Easter Weekend

This weekend, Michelle and I join our fellow Christians in marking Good Friday and celebrating Easter.  We will reflect on the sacrifice that Jesus Christ made for us and rejoice in the triumph of the Resurrection.  This season reminds us that God is always with us, in suffering and in celebration.  We give thanks for the many blessings in our lives and renew our commitments to follow Christ’s example by loving God and loving our neighbors as ourselves.  We wish all who celebrate a blessed Easter.

White House.gov Press Office Feed Except where otherwise noted, third-party content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Visitors to this website agree to grant a non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free license to the rest of the world for their submissions to Whitehouse.gov under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

La Via Crucis di Papa Francesco a Roma. La diretta streaming

La diretta streaming della seconda Via Crucis di Papa Francesco.

La Via Crucis di Roma, la seconda per Papa Francesco, si potrà seguire in diretta streaming sul canale ufficiale del Vaticano (in cima al post). E anche questo è un po’ un segno dei tempi che cambiano, come lo saranno le dirette in 3D delle canonizzazione dei papi del 27 aprile. Ma come sarà questa Via Crucis?

Nelle quattordici stazioni la croce sarà portata da un operaio, un imprenditore, due clochard, due carcerati, ma anche due ex tossicodipendenti, due malati, due anziani, due bambini, una famiglia. Una sorta di spaccato della società, con particolare attenzione alle fasce più deboli. Mentre nella prima e nell’ultima stazione il compito sarà affidato al Cardinale Agostino Vallini.

Le meditazioni sono state scritte dall’arcivescovo di Campobasso Giancarlo Bregantini, che saranno lette dall’attrice Virna Lisi, e tratteranno di crisi economica e delle sue conseguenze: i suicidi, la povertà e tutto quegli argomenti che sono stati al centro del primo anno di pontificato di Bergoglio. Prima della cerimonia, a partire dalle 17, Papa Francesco presiede il rito della Passione, la cui omelia è stata affidata a padre Raniero Cantalamessa.

La cerimonia vera e propria inizierà alle 21.15 e dovrebbe terminare attorno alle 23. Ci sarà una grande folla a seguire la Via Crucis, che dovrebbe superare quello dello scorso anno e che ha convinto le autorità a piazzare dei maxi schermi lungo i Fori Imperiali. Il Papa seguirà il rito sulla terrazza del Palatino, e potrebbe non parlare, limitandosi alla benedizione finale.

Diretta tv in mondovisione, i testi delle stazioni letti in sette lingue. Il pubblico potrà assistere solo all’esterno del Colosseo, le cui visite si sono concluse alle 14. Dalle 19 saranno chiuse anche le strade limitrofre a via dei Fori Imperiali. Ecco qualche informazione pratica: chiusura della metrò B al Colosseo (dalle 18,30 alle 23,30), per la Via Crucis ai Fori verranno deviati i percorsi delle linee 53, 75, 80, 85, 87, 117, 175, 186, 271, 571 e 810. Deviazioni anche nelle periferie per ale altre processioni della Via Crucis: a Talenti dalle 21, tra via Cortuso, via Spegazzini e via Zanardini, con possibili rallentamenti o deviazioni per le linee 311 e 350; a Centocelle dalle 20,30, con partenza e arrivo in piazzale delle Gardenie ( deviazione per le linee 114, 412, 450, 542 e 558); a Rebibbia dalle 21, da via Casal de’ Pazzi (deviazioni linee 040, 041, 163, 311, 341, 343, 344, 350, 404, 444 e 449); a Trastevere dalle 17 alle 19, con partenza e arrivo in via della Lungaretta ( deviazioni linee 8, H, 44 e 780); infine da largo Santa Barbara a via del Calice (deviazione linea 664).

Pope Francis Attends Via Crucis At The Colosseum

La Via Crucis di Papa Francesco a Roma. La diretta streaming é stato pubblicato su Polisblog.it alle 22:06 di venerdì 18 aprile 2014. Leggete le condizioni di utilizzo del feed.




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Executive Order — Expanding Eligibility for the Defense Meritorious Service Medal

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Executive Order 12019 of November 3, 1977 (Establishing the Defense Meritorious Service Medal), is amended by inserting ", or to any member of the armed forces of a friendly foreign nation," after "any member of the Armed Forces of the United States".

BARACK OBAMA

THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 18, 2014.

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Statement by the President

Today I have signed into law S. 2195, an Act concerning visa limitations for certain representatives to the United Nations.  S. 2195 amends section 407 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, to provide that no individual may be admitted to the United States as a representative to the United Nations, if that individual has been found to have been engaged in espionage or terrorist activity directed against the United States or its allies, and if that individual may pose a threat to United States national security interests.  As President Bush observed in signing the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, this provision "could constrain the exercise of my exclusive constitutional authority to receive within the United States certain foreign ambassadors to the United Nations." (Public Papers of the President, George Bush, Vol. I, 1990, page 240).  Acts of espionage and terrorism against the United States and our allies are unquestionably problems of the utmost gravity, and I share the Congress's concern that individuals who have engaged in such activity may use the cover of diplomacy to gain access to our Nation.  Nevertheless, as President Bush also observed, "curtailing by statute my constitutional discretion to receive or reject ambassadors is neither a permissible nor a practical solution."  I shall therefore continue to treat section 407, as originally enacted and as amended by S. 2195, as advisory in circumstances in which it would interfere with the exercise of this discretion.

White House.gov Press Office Feed Except where otherwise noted, third-party content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Visitors to this website agree to grant a non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free license to the rest of the world for their submissions to Whitehouse.gov under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Elezioni Europee 2014: Magdi Cristiano Allam contro gli immigrati. Ma dimentica Sicilia e Sardegna

Magdi Cristiano Allam, dopo l’esperienza nell’Udc di Casini, passa a Fratelli d’Italia - Alleanza Nazionale per le Elezioni Europee 2014.

E non esita, con il suo Ioamolitalia.it, a diffondere il suo messaggio. Un messaggio contro gli stranieri, per nulla edulcorato.

Sottomessi agli immigrati.
Siamo l’unico Paese al mondo che legittima i clandestini
Italiani discriminati nell’assegnazione di case, asili nido e aiuti sociali.
Prima gli italiani!
Aderisci al fronte di liberazione degli italiani
Per riprenderci la nostra sovranità

Ma, sorpresa, sul manifesto tutto italocentrico (e anche un po’ razzista, tutto sommato), Allam, che pensa così tanto agli italiani, si è dimenticato le isole: Sardegna e Sicilia non ci sono.

Elezioni Europee 2014 Magdi Cristiano Allam

Egiziano naturalizzato italiano, musulmano convertito al cattolicesimo – con padrino Maurizio Lupi, il 22 marzo 2008, durante la veglia pasquale, riceve in San Pietro in Vaticano da Benedetto XVI battesimo, cresima ed eucaristia e assume il nome di Cristiano –, punta tutto sulla lotta agli immigrati clandestini con un populismo “di pancia” che si basa su fondamenti indimostrabili (non esistono dati che provino che ci sia una discriminazione degli italiani nell’accesso al welfare, mentre è assolutamente evidente che i discriminati siano proprio gli immigrati).

Solo che nel farlo si è perso un pezzo per strada.

Elezioni Europee 2014: Magdi Cristiano Allam contro gli immigrati. Ma dimentica Sicilia e Sardegna é stato pubblicato su Polisblog.it alle 21:32 di venerdì 18 aprile 2014. Leggete le condizioni di utilizzo del feed.




Polisblog.it © 2004-2014 Blogo.it, alcuni diritti riservati sotto licenza Creative Commons.

Elezioni Europee 2014: Magdi Cristiano Allam contro gli immigrati. Ma dimentica Sicilia e Sardegna

Magdi Cristiano Allam, dopo l’esperienza nell’Udc di Casini, passa a Fratelli d’Italia - Alleanza Nazionale per le Elezioni Europee 2014.

E non esita, con il suo Ioamolitalia.it, a diffondere il suo messaggio. Un messaggio contro gli stranieri, per nulla edulcorato.

Sottomessi agli immigrati.
Siamo l’unico Paese al mondo che legittima i clandestini
Italiani discriminati nell’assegnazione di case, asili nido e aiuti sociali.
Prima gli italiani!
Aderisci al fronte di liberazione degli italiani
Per riprenderci la nostra sovranità

Ma, sorpresa, sul manifesto tutto italocentrico (e anche un po’ razzista, tutto sommato), Allam, che pensa così tanto agli italiani, si è dimenticato le isole: Sardegna e Sicilia non ci sono.

Elezioni Europee 2014 Magdi Cristiano Allam

Egiziano naturalizzato italiano, musulmano convertito al cattolicesimo – con padrino Maurizio Lupi, il 22 marzo 2008, durante la veglia pasquale, riceve in San Pietro in Vaticano da Benedetto XVI battesimo, cresima ed eucaristia e assume il nome di Cristiano –, punta tutto sulla lotta agli immigrati clandestini con un populismo “di pancia” che si basa su fondamenti indimostrabili (non esistono dati che provino che ci sia una discriminazione degli italiani nell’accesso al welfare, mentre è assolutamente evidente che i discriminati siano proprio gli immigrati).

Solo che nel farlo si è perso un pezzo per strada.

Elezioni Europee 2014: Magdi Cristiano Allam contro gli immigrati. Ma dimentica Sicilia e Sardegna é stato pubblicato su Polisblog.it alle 21:32 di venerdì 18 aprile 2014. Leggete le condizioni di utilizzo del feed.




Polisblog.it © 2004-2014 Blogo.it, alcuni diritti riservati sotto licenza Creative Commons.