Tag Archives: study

Estimating the impact of alternative programmatic cotrimoxazole strategies on mortality among children born to mothers with HIV: A modelling study

by Shrey Mathur, Melanie Smuk, Ceri Evans, Catherine J. Wedderburn, Diana M. Gibb, Martina Penazzato, Andrew J. Prendergast Background World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for children who are HIV-exposed until infection is excluded and vertical transmission risk … Continue reading

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Risk of long COVID and associated symptoms after acute SARS-COV-2 infection in ethnic minorities: A nationwide register-linked cohort study in Denmark

by George Frederick Mkoma, Charles Agyemang, Thomas Benfield, Mikael Rostila, Agneta Cederström, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Marie Norredam Background Ethnic minorities living in high-income countries have been disproportionately affected by Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in terms of infection rates, hospitalisations, and … Continue reading

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COVID-19 diagnostic testing and vaccinations among First Nations in Manitoba: A nations-based retrospective cohort study using linked administrative data, 2020–2021

by Nathan C. Nickel, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Jennifer E. Enns, Okechukwu Ekuma, Carole Taylor, Sarah Fileatreault, Nkiru Eze, Leona Star, Josée Lavoie, Alan Katz, Marni Brownell, Alyson Mahar, Marcelo Urquia, Dan Chateau, Lisa Lix, Mariette Chartier, Emily Brownell, Miyosha Tso Deh, … Continue reading

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Health outcomes after myocardial infarction: A population study of 56 million people in England

by Marlous Hall, Lesley Smith, Jianhua Wu, Chris Hayward, Jonathan A. Batty, Paul C. Lambert, Harry Hemingway, Chris P. Gale Background The occurrence of a range of health outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to … Continue reading

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Correction: Migraine and risk of premature myocardial infarction and stroke among men and women: A Danish population-based cohort study

by Cecilia Hvitfeldt Fuglsang, Lars Pedersen, Morten Schmidt, Jan P. Vandenbroucke, Hans Erik Bøtker, Henrik Toft Sørensen Post Views: 2

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Playing a musical instrument good for brain health in later life – study

Playing an instrument is especially good for brain health and should be encouraged, researchers say. Post Views: 3

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Study in Shadows, A by William John Locke (1863 – 1930)

Among the mixture of people spending the summer in a pension (boarding house) in Geneva are Felicia, a 20-year-old, and Katherine (30) who become good friends. Another person in the pension is Mr. Chetwynd, an elderly gentleman, whose handsome son … Continue reading

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Use of isotretinoin among girls and women of childbearing age and occurrence of isotretinoin-exposed pregnancies in Germany: A population-based study

by Jonas Reinold, Bianca Kollhorst, Nadine Wentzell, Katharina Platzbecker, Ulrike Haug Background Exposure to isotretinoin during pregnancy must be avoided due to its teratogenicity, but real-world data on its use are scarce. We aimed to describe (i) isotretinoin use in … Continue reading

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Cooking carbon offsets overstate climate benefit by 1,000%, study finds

Burning wood indoors for cooking is a bad idea because the wood smoke harms people’s health. Projects to hand out wood-burning stoves in poor countries are supported by “carbon offsets” which are fraudulent in the usual way. I’ve heard of … Continue reading

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Mental health in the COVID-19 pandemic: A longitudinal analysis of the CLoCk cohort study

by Laura Panagi, Simon R. White, Snehal M. Pinto Pereira, Manjula D. Nugawela, Isobel Heyman, Kishan Sharma, Terence Stephenson, Trudie Chalder, Natalia K. Rojas, Emma Dalrymple, Kelsey McOwat, Ruth Simmons, Olivia Swann, CLoCk Consortium , Tamsin Ford, Roz Shafran Background … Continue reading

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Association of a healthy beverage score with total mortality in the adult population of Spain: A nationwide cohort study

by Montserrat Rodríguez-Ayala, Carolina Donat-Vargas, Belén Moreno-Franco, Diana María Mérida, José Ramón Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Pilar Guallar-Castillón Background Despite the substantial evidence of the relationship between diet and mortality, the role of beverage consumption patterns is not well known. The … Continue reading

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1-year weight change after diabetes diagnosis and long-term incidence and sustainability of remission of type 2 diabetes in real-world settings in Hong Kong: An observational cohort study

by Hongjiang Wu, Aimin Yang, Eric S. H. Lau, Xinge Zhang, Baoqi Fan, Ronald C. W. Ma, Alice P. S. Kong, Elaine Chow, Wing-Yee So, Juliana C. N. Chan, Andrea O. Y. Luk Background Clinical trials have demonstrated that remission … Continue reading

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Health system assessment for access to care after injury in low- or middle-income countries: A mixed methods study from Northern Malawi

by John Whitaker, Idara Edem, Ella Togun, Abena S. Amoah, Albert Dube, Lindani Chirwa, Boston Munthali, Giulia Brunelli, Thomas Van Boeckel, Rory Rickard, Andrew JM Leather, Justine Davies Background Injuries represent a vast and relatively neglected burden of disease affecting … Continue reading

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Tropical cyclone-specific mortality risks and the periods of concern: A multicountry time-series study

by Wenzhong Huang, Zhengyu Yang, Yiwen Zhang, Thomas Vogt, Ben Armstrong, Wenhua Yu, Rongbin Xu, Pei Yu, Yanming Liu, Antonio Gasparrini, Samuel Hundessa, Eric Lavigne, Tomas Molina, Tobias Geiger, Yue Leon Guo, Christian Otto, Simon Hales, Farnaz Pourzand, Shih-Chun Pan, … Continue reading

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Projected health and economic impacts of sugar-sweetened beverage taxation in Germany: A cross-validation modelling study

by Karl M. F. Emmert-Fees, Ben Amies-Cull, Nina Wawro, Jakob Linseisen, Matthias Staudigel, Annette Peters, Linda J. Cobiac, Martin O’Flaherty, Peter Scarborough, Chris Kypridemos, Michael Laxy Background Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been implemented globally to reduce the burden … Continue reading

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Patents and regulatory exclusivities on FDA-approved insulin products: A longitudinal database study, 1986–2019

by Anders Olsen, Reed F. Beall, Ryan P. Knox, Sean S. Tu, Aaron S. Kesselheim, William B. Feldman Background Insulin is the primary treatment for type 1 and some type 2 diabetes but remains costly in the United States, even … Continue reading

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Income-based differences in healthcare utilization in relation to mortality in the Swedish population between 2004–2017: A nationwide register study

by Pär Flodin, Peter Allebeck, Ester Gubi, Bo Burström, Emilie E. Agardh Background Despite universal healthcare, socioeconomic differences in healthcare utilization (HCU) persist in modern welfare states. However, little is known of how HCU inequalities has developed over time. The … Continue reading

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Correction: Evaluation of novel computerized tomography scoring systems in human traumatic brain injury: An observational, multicenter study

by The PLOS Medicine Staff Post Views: 2

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Long-term vaccination strategies to mitigate the impact of SARS-CoV-2 transmission: A modelling study

by Alexandra B. Hogan, Sean L. Wu, Jaspreet Toor, Daniela Olivera Mesa, Patrick Doohan, Oliver J. Watson, Peter Winskill, Giovanni Charles, Gregory Barnsley, Eleanor M. Riley, David S. Khoury, Neil M. Ferguson, Azra C. Ghani Background Vaccines have reduced severe … Continue reading

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Burden of diarrhea and antibiotic use among children in low-resource settings preventable by Shigella vaccination: A simulation study

by Stephanie A. Brennhofer, James A. Platts-Mills, Joseph A. Lewnard, Jie Liu, Eric R. Houpt, Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade Background Shigella is a leading cause of diarrhea and dysentery in children in low-resource settings, which is frequently treated with antibiotics. … Continue reading

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